Actually, a desert might be named Sahara, but the meaning of the name is "Dawn" Famous real-life people named Sahara Temperature of the Sahara Desert The expert explorer will find something interesting in Sahara, but almost any prowler will have a rare time in Panama. The Sahara exhibits great climatic variability within its borders, with two major climatic regimes differentiating along a north-south axis: the desert’s northern latitudes are arid subtropical and have two rainy seasons, while the southern ones, although also arid, are more tropical and have only one rainy season. Occasionally you'll hear someone say, "He got his just deserts," which doesn't have anything to do with abandonment; it means he got what he deserved. The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the Mediterranean to central Mali, Niger, Chad, and the Sudan: the largest desert in the world, occupying over a quarter of Africa; rises to over 3300 m (11 000 ft) in the central mountain system of the Ahaggar and Tibesti massifs; large reserves of iron ore, oil, and natural gas. The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun á¹£aḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, á¹£aḥārāʾ. The largest desert in the world, it covers an area of about 9,065,000 sq. CREATIVE FORMS (female) Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. It is also the world’s largest hot desert extending to an area of 3,600,000 square miles with average temperatures during the hottest months reaching 100.4 to 104.0 °F. Sand dunes (ergs, edeyin, or ramlah) cover great areas of the Sahara. Over much of the Sahara, these formations were covered by Mesozoic deposits—including the limestones of Algeria, southern Tunisia, and northern Libya, and the Nubian sandstones of the Libyan Desert—and many of the important regional aquifers are identified with them. The Sahara sits atop the African Shield, which is composed of heavily folded and denuded Precambrian rocks. See more. All rights reserved. Thus we have in the northern hemisphere the Sahara desert, the deserts of Arabia, Iran, Turan, Takla Makan and Gobi, and the desert regions of the Great Basin in North America; and in the southern hemisphere the Kalahari desert in Africa, the desert of Australia, and the desert … (9,065,000 sq. Sahara, (from Arabic ṣaḥrāʾ, “desert”) largest desert in the world. Ancient Origins articles related to Sahara Desert in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Related: Top 10 Incredibly Adaptive Sahara Desert Animals. Sahara definition: 1. a very large desert in North Africa 2. a very large desert in North Africa. There are also indigenous names for particular areas—such as the Tanezrouft region of southwestern Algeria and the Ténéré region of central Niger—which are often of Berber origin. It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. It runs through many countries including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and The Sudan. They were now staying in the same hotel in this oasis in the desert of Sahara. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? What does Sahara mean? mi. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. To the south, the Sahara Desert is bounded by the Sahel, which is a semi-arid savannah of Sudan and … Professor of Geography, University of Bristol, England, 1957–77. About 3,500,000 sq. km). Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Author of. Variations. “Monolith” vs. “Megalith”: What’s The Difference? See more. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. Hebrews midbar, "pasture-ground;" an open tract for pasturage; a common ().The "backside of the desert" is the west of the desert, the region behind a man, as the east is the region in front.The same Hebrew word is rendered "wildernes," and is used of the country lying between Egypt and Palestine (Genesis 21:14, 21; Exodus 4:27; 19:2; Joshua 1:4), the wilderness of the wanderings. Filling nearly all of northern Africa, it measures approximately 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from east to west and between 800 and 1,200 miles from north to south and has a total area of some 3,320,000 square miles (8,600,000 square km); the actual area varies as the desert expands and contracts over time. Can you identify the antonym of “protagonist,” or the opposite of a hero or heroine? Learn more. ASSOCIATED WITH arabic. The principal topographical features of the Sahara include shallow, seasonally inundated basins (chotts and dayas) and large oasis depressions; extensive gravel-covered plains (serirs or regs); rock-strewn plateaus (hammadas); abrupt mountains; and sand sheets, dunes, and sand seas (ergs). miles). Chairman, Commission on Arid Lands, International Geographical Union. The meaning of Sahara is “Inca Gold, desert, moon”. Even after these lakes ceased to exist, humans survived for centuries in the desert using alternative methods: nomadic pastoralists herded goats, sheep, or camels to whatever pasturage could be found; sedentary agriculturalists, confined to oases, harnessed their limited water resources to grow crops such as date palms and barley; and specialists (for example, blacksmiths) traded wares with their agriculturalist and pastoralist neighbors. On another episode of Man vs. Wild, Grylls finds himself the guest of honor after the killing of a goat in the Sahara. Arabic word á¹£aḥrā´ (صَحراء), meaning "deserts". The Antarctica and Arctic deserts are cold deserts. The discovery of 7-million-year-old dune deposits throughout northern Chad in 2006, however, suggests that the region became … Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun ṣaḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, ṣaḥārāʾ. The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. Although these industries have introduced potentially high-wage jobs to the Sahara, they are also responsible for the displacement of desert peoples from their traditional modes of existence and have contributed to the increasing overcrowding and poverty in developed regions. About 5,000 to 10,000 years ago, the Sahara was a region of savanna vegetation and extensive surface water, most of which had disappeared by Roman times. As a verb, it means to leave someone or something. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The American Interest reports that vast aquifers of water have been found beneath the Sahara desert. S ahara as a girls' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah. The name Sahara means Desert and is of Arabic origin. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. Its origin is " Hebrew ". Omissions? a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. The Sahara is the world's largest desert; it extends across most of the northern part of Africa. An unusual phenomenon associated with desert sands is their “singing” or booming. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (sə-hâr′ə, -hăr′ə, -hä′rə) A vast desert of northern Africa extending east from the Atlantic coast to the Red Sea and south from the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahel. He was happy when the Khawams opened a series of restaurants of their own, all called Sahara. About 3,500,000 sq. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Sahara is "desert". We Asked, You Answered. 1. the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa Familiarity information: SAHARA DESERT used as a noun is very rare. Highest recorded temperature: 58°C (136.4°F), On Foot in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, Jill Kelley’s Campaign to Befriend Petraeus, Allen, and Other Top Brass, ‘Fear Factor’ Donkey Semen, More Gross Things Eaten on TV (Video), An Account of Timbuctoo and Housa Territories in the Interior of Africa. Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Dictionary entry overview: What does Sahara Desert mean? Describe 2020 In Just One Word? A string of dry years shriveled vegetation in Africa's Sahel, causing some to fear that the Sahara Desert was shifting south. Other noteworthy formations include the Ennedi Plateau of Chad, the Aïr Massif of Niger, the Iforas Massif of Mali, and the outcroppings of the Mauritanian Adrar region. Learn how to say Sahara Desert with EmmaSaying free pronunciation tutorials. It had taken the camels and their black-turbaned Berber herders four long days to walk from the Sahara. The enormous desert spans 11 countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.The Sahara desert has a variety of land features, but is most famous for the sand dune fields that are often depicted in movies. ASSOCIATED WITH arabic. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition (1.) The climate of the Sahara, Too extreme. (9,065,000 sq. The serirs and regs differ in character in various regions of the desert but are believed to represent Cenozoic depositional surfaces. The meaning of Sahara is " Desert ". Several studies of the rocks in the region indicate that the Sahara became established as a climatic desert approximately 2–3 million years ago, an interval that spanned from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene Epoch. Sahara is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. Several studies of the rocks in the region indicate that the Sahara became established as a climatic desert approximately 2–3 million years ago, an interval that spanned from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene Epoch. Other organisms, although adapted more for a Mediterranean or tropical climate than an arid one, have persisted in the Sahara mostly by sticking to its slightly more hospitable highlands and oases. The Sahara Desert is the world's largest hot, non-polar desert and is located in North Africa. It stretches from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. In the northern Sahara, these formations are also associated with a series of basins and depressions extending from the oases of western Egypt to the chotts of Algeria. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Definitions of Sahara from WordNet. It extends from the Africa’s Atlantic Ocean side to the Red Sea and consists of the countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.It is about 5,200 miles long. The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? It is the hottest desert in the world! The principal types of dunes include tied dunes, which form in the lee of hills or other obstacles; parabolic blowout dunes; crescent-shaped barchans and transverse dunes; longitudinal seifs; and the massive, complex forms associated with sand seas. Archaeological findings indicate that there were once ancient Saharan lakes, upon the shores of which humans lived, hunted, and fished. The Ahaggar Plateau rises from the barren landscape of the Sahara in southern Just look at the Sahara Desert, which 6000 years ago was a tropical jungle. Its origin is " Arabic ". Area: 9 100 000 sq km (3 500 000 sq miles). The Sahara Desert has expanded by about 10 percent since 1920, according to a new study. When they talk about a foreign desert in a place called “X”, they say “Sahra X”. Science Magazine Aug 23, 2020 proper noun. The bled is made of very different stuff from the sand-ocean of the Sahara. Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. In the central Sahara, the monotony of the plains and plateaus is broken by prominent volcanic massifs—including Mount ʿUwaynat and the Tibesti and Ahaggar mountains. mi. Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. The Sahara Desert ecoregion covers an area of 4,619,260 km (1,783,510 sq mi) in the hot, hyper-arid center of the Sahara, surrounded on the north, south, east, and west by desert ecoregions with higher rainfall and more vegetation. Oil, natural gas, and coal reserves have been discovered all over northern Africa and particularly have been exploited by various countries, such as Egypt, Libya, and Algeria. (Page of tag Sahara Desert) Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. (Page of tag Sahara Desert) km (3,500,000 sq. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins The word Sahara is derived from the Arabic word ‘ṣaḥra’ meaning desert. The Sahara, perhaps the best-known desert in the world, starts with a single "s," the same as desert. SEE ALSO Sarah. The Sahara is the world's largest warm-weather desert, roughly equal in size to the contiguous United States. What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? Sahara, a desert in North Africa, the largest hot desert in the world. This can refer to a vast sandy area without vegetation, or any empty, lifeless expanse. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. SEE ALSO Sarah. (The Arctic basin and the Antarctic continent -- … km). When Arabs are talking about the “Sahara” they say “A'Sahra” wich means “the desert”, the one they knows. • SAHARA DESERT (noun) The noun SAHARA DESERT has 1 sense:. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The word Sahara comes from the Arabic word sahra’, meaning desert. It comes after Antarctica and Arctic deserts. km). You see, I came to Sahara Wells hoping to see you, but you were sightseeing. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition In Arabic the Sahara is called Al-Ṣaḥrāʾ al-Kubrā, or “the Great Desert.” The Arabic word ṣaḥrāʾ simply means “desert,” and its plural form, ṣaḥārāʾ, is where the northern African desert gets its Anglicized name. Variations. BBC Aug 25, 2020 The researchers believe the drought began when the drying of the distant Sahara Desert disrupted monsoon rains and triggered droughts throughout the rest of Asia and Africa. Average annual rainfall: less than 254 mm (10 in.). While the shifts between a green Sahara and a desert do constitute a type of climate change, it’s important to understand that the mechanism differs from what we think of … In the southern Sahara, downwarping of the African Shield created large basins occupied by Cenozoic lakes and seas, such as the ancient Mega-Chad. Desert in Arabic is “Sahra” and not “Sahara”. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Sahara is "desert". The highest point in the desert is the 11,204-foot (3,415-metre) summit of Mount Koussi in the Tibesti Mountains in Chad. The vast desert encompasses several ecologically distinct regions. Sahara Name Meaning. The meaning of Sahara is “Inca Gold, desert, moon”. Animals such as the desert snail survive by using estivation, a period of dormancy that some animals can enter when encountering extreme environmental stress. People have lived in the Sahara long before recorded history, at certain times in regions that are now too arid for human inhabitance. S ahara as a girls' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah. VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sahara definition, a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. Ancient Origins articles related to Sahara Desert in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. The lowest, 436 feet (133 metres) below sea level, is in the Qattara Depression of Egypt. Modern economic development has disrupted many of these traditional means of subsistence, however, with many desert dwellers seeking more lucrative opportunities in developed regions and oases. Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. Find out more about the name Sahara at BabyNames.com. Sahara ( n.) the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa; When they talk about a foreign desert in a place called “X”, they say “Sahra X”. The Sahara in North Africa, is the largest desert in the world except for Antarctica and is the largest hot desert.. Updates? It is bounded in the east by the Red Sea and it stretches west to the Atlantic Ocean. Various hypotheses have been advanced to explain the phenomenon, such as those based upon the piezoelectric property of crystalline quartz, but the mystery remains unsolved. A prominent feature of the plains is the dark patina of ferromanganese compounds, called desert varnish, that forms on the surfaces of weathered rocks. But of all the deserts in the world, it ranks third in terms of area. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sahara Desert The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest desert area. https://www.britannica.com/place/Sahara-desert-Africa, LiveScience - The Sahara: Facts, Climate and Animals of the Desert, Sahara - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sahara - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? mi. After World War II, prospecting revealed that the Sahara was laden with oil and mineral resources, which have served as a major attractor of international investment since. The dunes ca… Sahara - Sahara - Climate: The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. (9,065,000 sq. CREATIVE FORMS (female) The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. Algeria. A vast desert in North Africa, extending from the Atlantic in the west to the Red Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south. Sahara definition, a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Desertification is a type of land degradation in drylands in which biological productivity is lost due to natural processes or induced by human activities whereby fertile areas become increasingly arid. The Sahara is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Red Sea on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Sahel Savannah on the south. But of all the deserts in the world, it ranks third … At approximately 3.5 million square miles, it is the world's largest desert. Saharan synonyms, Saharan pronunciation, Saharan translation, English dictionary definition of Saharan. 2. The People’s Choice 2020 Word Of The Year: 2020 Was A $#@#%%$@! The southern reaches of the Sahara end in the Sahel, a semiarid buffer zone that separates the desert from the more temperate savanna biomes beyond. a. Of Sahara, hostile to those who do not understand their language, 262. Many of the organisms that can survive have been able to do so with adaptations for arid environments: for example, many herbaceous plants found in the Sahara are ephemerals, meaning that almost all of their life cycle—from germination to seed dispersal—occurs in the two- to three-week period after a heavy rain. Several pyramidal dunes in the Sahara attain heights of nearly 500 feet, while draa, the mountainous sand ridges that dominate the ergs, are said to reach 1,000 feet. Called “X”, they say “Sahra X” and relatively unaltered a vast sandy area without vegetation, any. This can refer to a New study primarily by parents who are considering names. Extremely low primary productivity, the Sahara desert was shifting south of all the in... Deserts in the world, it ranks third in terms of area sahra’, desertlike! 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