Leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis) is a common green in floral arrangements because of its fine foliage, easy availability in all seasons, and long-lived lush look in a vase. It among those plants which usually require a high water table and very wet soil. Nancy G. Slack and Allison W. Bell. New York Natural Heritage Program. It grows in swamps and bogs at the Paul Smiths VIC and other locations in the Adirondack Mountains and upstate New York. Callophrys augustinus. It has adapted to the cold winter and hot summer, but long, mild autumns do not suit it. The striking color of this New Zealand Sedge makes it an outstanding addition to any sunny gardens. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Leatherleaf forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet high. It is an evergreen that spends most of the winter above the snow-line. In spring, Leatherleaf produces nodding white flowers, which are about ¼ inch long and hang from the upper leaf axilsAxil: The angle between the upper side of a leaf or stem and the stem or branch that supports it. Illinois. In late spring/early summer, when large clusters of electric blue grapes grace this plant, there is nothing more beautiful in the plant world. 68, 124, Plate 5. The leatherleaf viburnum’s creamy white blossoms never fail, even when the shrub is planted in the shade. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. A really choice broadleaf evergreen shrub for Arkansas is the leatherleaf mahonia (Mahonia bealei). 38-39. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. Updates? Viburnum rhytidophyllum, commonly called leatherleaf virbunum, is an evergreen shrub, which can ultimately reach a height of 6-10'. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. University of Michigan. New York Natural Heritage Program. They are somewhat leathery in appearance. Wetland Status. The Leather leaf sedge is a dense clumping perennial comprised of striking orange-bronze colored blades that reach 2-3 ft. tall and have curly tips. Butterflies of Canada. Spore grown. They are borne along arching, leafy shoots. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2020. Ronald B. Davis. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. A very popular Sedge, Carex buchananii (Leatherleaf Sedge) is a tufted perennial grass with an evergreen foliage of narrow, copper-bronze leaves. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. The name is also sometimes applied to a stiff-leaved fern. 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2017. John Eastman. Online Conservation Guide for Alpine Sliding Fen. A very popular Sedge, Carex buchananii (Leatherleaf Sedge) is a tufted perennial grass with an evergreen foliage of narrow, copper-bronze leaves. The fruit is a small, dry capsule. Online Conservation Guide for Black Spruce-Tamarack Bog. Online Conservation Guide for Inland Poor Fen. are rolled up at the bottom. Corrections? Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. Easy to grow and adaptable to many growing conditions. Native to central and western China, the leatherleaf viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum) becomes a large, coarsely textured evergreen shrub 10 to 15 feet tall and equally as wide. Charles H. Peck. Plants of North Elba. The brownish, alternate leaves, 1–5 cm (about 0.5–2 inches) long, are oblong or lance-shaped and are covered by scales—hence the colour. Leatherleaf. Large clusters of white spring flowers add interest as well as ornamental fruit. They blend well with other broadleaf evergreens. This shrub prefers well-drained average to moist acidic soils. Leatherleaf plants on High Peaks summits in the Adirondacks flower much later, usually in mid-June. Petals are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators. It forms large beds at the edges of swamps and boggy meadows. This often makes the leaves appear to alternate on the stem. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Chamaedaphne calyculata (Linnaeus) Moench. Summary Information. A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits (New York: Dover Publications, 1951), pp. Leatherleaf has many branches and forms dense thickets. Its rhizomes, which can extend to a foot below the ground, anchor it to even the quaking surface of a floating bog. Threatened. The plant is a minor part of … Leatherwood is an interesting, under-used native shrub with small yellow flowers in early spring before leaves emerge. This plant is also known as Cassandra. The Leatherleaf Viburnum or Viburnum rhytidophyllum is an attractive flowering shrub with large green leaves that have the texture of leather. New York Natural Heritage Program. The lips of the petalsPetals: Modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 2020. Noteworthy CharacteristicsSelf-seeds modestly, and by the third year, the mother plant may die back. Retrieved 9 January 2020. With a rounded, upright growth habit, it grows at a medium fast rate. Effective evergreen spreading groundcover. The leaf stems are fuzzy brown. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Plant identification by their leaves. It is acid tolerant and shade intolerant. 108-109. Leatherleaf viburnums are upright shrubs that are especially attractive in a shrub grouping or as a background planting for other flowering shrubs. Retrieved 9 January 2020. The flowers sometimes have a pinkish tint. The leathery, narrow leaves of this plant give it its common name, leatherleaf. Leatherleaf mahonia is a unique plant that looks like it could come from a Dr. Seuss book. Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility. Divide between spring and early summer. It is commonly seen in cold, acidic bogs and forms large, spreading colonies. 268-270. Department of Environmental Conservation. in one-sided, spike-like clusters. Leatherleaf forms a small, mound-shaped shrub up to three feet high. A Guide to the Peatland Plants of the Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (University Press of New England, 2016), pp. 2020. New York State. Plant Guide. It is well adapted to sunny garden locations and is often mixed with flowering perennials to provide … Continue reading "Leather leaf sedge" Adirondack Alpine Summits: An Ecological Field Guide (Adirondack Mountain Club, Inc., 2006), p. 61. Online Conservation Guide for Pine Barrens Vernal Pond. Doug Ladd. North Woods Wildflowers (Falcon Publishing, 2001), p. 182. Leatherleaf viburnum is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to 10 to 15 feet high with a comparable spread. Chamaedaphne calyculata, known commonly as leatherleaf or cassandra, is a perennial dwarf shrub in the plant family Ericaceae and the only species in the genus Chamaedaphne. Leatherleaf, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). Retrieved 9 January 2020. PropagationSow seed in containers and overwinter in a cold frame. Wildlife Value of Leatherleaf. Choose a spot indoors that is well lit but away from direct sunlight. This vigorous, coarsely textured evergreen shrub has an upright habit and 8-inch-long, lustrous, deeply veined oval leaves with dark blue-green surfaces and pale green undersides. It is present in most provinces of Canada. Chamaedaphne calyculata - (L.) Moench.  Retrieved 10 April 2017. The dark green shiny leaves are medium sized with deep veins running through them. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). leatherleaf. Common names are from state and federal lists. Growing both as a terrestrial fern and an epiphytic fern, Rumohra adiantiformis spreads naturally by creeping rhizomes. Leaves are wrinkled, tomentose above and below This beautiful fern has flat, glossy pinnate leaves that are - wait for it - leathery in texture. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. Leatherleaf usually blooms in the Adirondack region in late April or May, depending on the weather. The flowers, which often appear while snow is still on the ground, are small, white, and bell-shaped. Brown Elfin. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Threatened. 2020. New York Natural Heritage Program. John Krichner and Gordon Morrison. A Field Guide to Eastern Forests (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1998), pp. Second Edition (March 2014), pp.  53-54, 55-56, 60, 60-61, 61-62, 63-64, 65, 76. Retrieved 17 October 2015. Light green leaves turn a bright yellow color in autumn. Wetland Status. New York Natural Heritage Program. Online Conservation Guide for Open Alpine Community. 2020. Every piece is truly unique, and unlike regular leather, no animals are harmed in the process. Retrieved 10 April 2017. New York Natural Heritage Program. United States Department of Agriculture. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: In colder winter areas it may experience winter die-back. Leatherleaf produces fruit in August. University of Wisconsin. Leatherleaf is found in nearly all counties in New York State. The A Database of Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants. In spring, fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in clusters. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Erect when young, the grass-like leaves tend gradually to arch over time, curling gracefully towards their tips. Online Conservation Guide for Medium Fen. Leatherleaf, (Chamaedaphne calyculata), evergreen shrub of the heath family (Ericaceae). Retrieved 3 January 2019. Produces flat cymes of creamy white flowers in the spring and berries in early fall which first appear red and then change to a glossy black. Large, semi-evergreen shrub with thick, leathery foliage. 104-107. Lawrence Newcomb. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Little Brown and Company, 1977), pp. For that reason, it is recommended that the leaves be placed in a jar of cool water and left in a sunny position to make sun-tea.  Retrieved 10 April 2017. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. The leaves are thick and leathery, dull green above with minute, silvery scales, and paler green or brownish beneath. The foliage often turns red-brown winter. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/leatherleaf. The striking color of this New Zealand Sedge makes it an outstanding addition to any sunny gardens. Leather Leaf Fern Rumohra Adiantiformis is quite a mouthful so this textured beauty is better known as Leather Leaf Fern. Bogs & Fens. It grows in bogs and other wetland areas, as well as High Peaks summits, in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. It appears to do best in boggy soils, but can also grow in alpine organic mats. Adirondack Upland Flora: An Ecological Perspective (Saranac, New York: The Chauncy Press, 1992), pp. Connecticut Botanical Society. Leatherleaf. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Michael Kudish. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. A tally of flowering dates for the upland Adirondack areas compiled by Michael Kudish, based on data collected from the early seventies to the early nineties, lists the flowering time as 9 through 19 May in upland areas. Retrieved 10 April 2017.Â. The leaves and blooms are showy and the bright red berries can last into winter. The fresh or dried leaves of Leatherleaf have been used to make a tea-like beverage. This plant is listed as threatened in Illinois and Maryland. New York Natural Heritage Program. Do not site leatherleaf viburnum in exposed windy sites. Retrieved 9 January 2020. The Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Light green leaves turn a bright yellow color in autumn. In the Adirondack Park, Leatherleaf is found in several ecological communities, including: Leatherleaf can be found on trails that go through marshes and bogs. Ecological Communities of New York State. It occurs in all counties within the Adirondack Park Blue Line. About Leatherleaf Viburnum. Ferns, Woody Plants, and Graminoids(Trafford Publishing, 2010), pp. The leathery, narrow leaves of this plant give it its common name, leatherleaf. American Wildlife & Plants. Maryland. This small shrub produces sprays of gray-green, holly-like leaves that extend from the stems in distinct horizontal layers. The large clusters of fragrant white flowers are followed by … Quick ID. Spiny, leathery leaves make this a fine barrier shrub or specimen. Lake Colby Railroad Tracks (Saranac Lake), Jackrabbit Trail at River Road (Lake Placid), White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), List of Adirondack Amphibians and Reptiles, Several features differentiate Leatherleaf from, Flower arrangement also helps distinguish Leatherleaf from, The plant is a minor part of winter browse for, Leatherleaf provides nesting cover for several bird species, including, At the Paul Smith's College VIC, Leatherleaf may be seen along the margins of Heron Marsh, from theÂ, Leatherleaf also grows on Barnum Bog, accessible from theÂ, Leatherleaf also grows in the marshy areas on the shore of Heart Lake, accessible from the. Dr. Michael Dirr, author of "Viburnums" notes that this shrub potentially attains a height 20 feet tall and 30 feet wide in ideal garden conditions in England. Retrieved 9 January 2020. 292-293. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. The tubular flowers are wider at the top than the bottom. How to grow leather leaf fern in a pot. Remove the plant from the container, gently tease the roots and cut away any circled or tangled roots. Thickets are dense with wiry stems and easier to walk around than through. The berries attract birds and last well into December. Our leaf leather gear is strong, durable, and water resistant. Alexander C. Martin, Herbert S. Zim, and Arnold L. Nelson. Retrieved 10 April 2017. Keys to identifying Leatherleaf and differentiating it from other leathery-leafed plants growing in these habitats include leaf arrangement, shape, and color, as well as the color and arrangement of the flowers. Birds of North America.  Subscription web site. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Fill the pot with Yates Potting Mix with Dynamic Lifter which has been specially formulated to suit both indoor and outdoor plants. leatherleaf. In alpine zones, the plant is much smaller, forming a miniature shrub. Leatherleaf.  Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. These Viburnums make a great evergreen hedge, privacy screen, or windbreak. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. Deep green, leathery textured fronds rising in dense clusters are perfect in informal gardens or as filler for shady beds. Older leaves are brownish bronze above and yellowish beneath. Eastern Region (Alfred A. Knopf, 2001), pp. Leatherleaf Viburnum. Bet you can’t guess why! Leather leaf likes a continental climate, and in Finland it grows mainly inland in eastern Finland. United States Department of Agriculture.  Retrieved 10 April 2017. New York Natural Heritage Program. Omissions? The stems are covered with tiny brownish scales.  NRCS National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program. Online Conservation Guide for Red Maple-Tamarack Peat Swamp. Aphids are possible. Rhamnus californica 'Leatherleaf' (Leatherleaf Coffeeberry) - This selection of the California native Coffeeberry is an evergreen shrub that is more compact than the species but can still may grow to a large mound to 8 feet tall and wide though is more often seen to 5 to 6 feet. Care. Leather-leaf. Leatherleaf has limited medicinal uses. The leaf marginsThe structure of the leaf's edge. Native American Ethnobotany. leatherleaf. The genus name (Chamaedaphne) comes from the Greek meaning "ground laurel." To 3 feet tall and wide. Threatened. Plant where it can be protected from winter winds. United States Department of Agriculture. 40, 54, 142. C. calyculata occurs in Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia. ProblemsRust, smut and leaf spot. New York Flora Association. New York Flora Atlas. 2020. Great in hanging baskets. 506-507. Maryland. Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 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Let US know if you have suggestions to improve this article on shrub identification leaf! Which often appear while snow is still on the ground, are small, bell-shaped white flowers light up spring!, offers, and paler green or brownish beneath areas it may winter... Arctic regions and in North America as far south as Georgia & the Biota of North America far. As high Peaks summits in the shade of leatherleaf have been used to make tea-like... Center & the Biota of North America as far south as Georgia US, west to the Lakes... Of garden merit orange-bronze colored blades that reach 2-3 ft. tall and curly... Minor part of the petalsPetals: Modified leaves that have the texture of the leaf 's edge white light... ( edges ) are very finely toothedToothed: leaves which have a saw-toothed edge ( Saranac, New York ColorÂ...