The trunk is typically about 1 to 2 feet wide. One species of white birch, B. pubescens, is a tree about 18 m (60 feet) tall and is native to Eurasia. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Scopri quale personaggio del cinema rappresenta la tua vera natura di fundraiser. Other common names for this tree include western birch, red birch, river birch, black birch, and western red birch. This species, also known as Asian white birch, is a medium to large tree with white bark and thin spreading branches that terminate in drooping branchlets. In young trees the bark is reddish-brown, but this changes to white as they mature. By keeping your trees well pruned and free of damaged branches, you can greatly reduce the likelihood of infestation by bronze birch borer or other insects. The trees are slender, with their trunks not normally exceeding a diameter of 40 cm. Common Names: Canoe Birch, Silver Birch, Paper Birch Genus: Betula Species: papyrifera Parts Used: leaves, sap, lumber, The White Birch is a small to medium sized deciduous tree which grows to 70 or 80 feet in height. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Various White Birch Trees (Source Links at Bottom of Article) Русский: Игорь Шпиленок, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikipedia; Nicholas A. Tonelli Flickr, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr Birch trees have been specially bred for ornamental purposes for over a hundred years, resulting in an astounding number of birch … Trees that have scaly bark are shagbark hickory, strawberry tree, maple and river birch. Updates? European white birch is a fast-growing, graceful tree with creamy white bark that peels to … Birch species are normally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates and boreal zones of the northern hemisphere. Most birches are water lovers, which can be great if you have soil that tends to be moist. japonica 'Whitespire', Betula 'Penci-2' - Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var. Japanese White Birch. To view each birch tree image in full size, just click on the photo you like to enlarge the tree picture.. Tree Types. Others are trees that clump with multiple trunks. Omissions? Gray birch bark does not come off the tree without much difficulty. The white birch is a medium sized tree that can grow up to 25 meters tall. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. River birch has good resistant to the bronze birch borer. Other common names: Canoe Birch, Paper Birch French names: Bouleau à papier Family: Birch Family (Betulaceae) Group: Birches Distinctive features: Tree Similar species: • European White Birch (Betula pendula) - Branches are "weeping" (hanging down. Primarily native to Alaska, Canada, and northern U.S. states, this tree has lovely white bark and yellow fall color. Paper birch is so-named due to the thin white bark which often peels in paper-like layers from the trunk. White birch trees are often used in landscaping because they will grow almost anywhere, as long as they get enough sunlight. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Fraxinus americana, White Ash; Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Green Ash; Fraxinus nigra, Black Ash; Magnolia spp., Magnolias; Quercus alba, White Oak; Quercus macrocarpa, Bur Oak; Quercus nigra, Water Oak; Quercus rubra, Northern Red Oak; Pinus elliottii, Slash Pine; Pinus strobus, Eastern White Pine; Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress; Ulmus americana, American Elm They now occupy most areas that were glaciated… The Japanese white birch (B. platyphylla japonica), an 18-metre tree native to eastern Asia, has broad leaves about 7 cm long; its hard, yellow-white wood is used for furniture and woodenware. Like several other members of the birch familly, this birch performs best in cooler climate; with warmer zones causing increased susceptibility to birch borer insects. Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as (American) white birch and canoe birch) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America. The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. Leaves: Alternate, Simple, Toothed Unlike other birch trees, its bark does not peel. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Inspect the bark of all the white birches. A main requirement is consistently moist soil. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Exact details such as growing zones and height will depend on the particular variety. The white bark of silver birch sheds in layers like tissue paper and becomes black and rugged at the base. The name white birch also refers to paper birch. Bog birch is a medium-sized, short-lived, clump-forming shrub that thrives in wet sites. It is a showy tree in the woods with its white bark. Weeping white birch, or silver birch as it is also called, is the European birch, Betula pendula. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. Broadleaf trees have flowers that contain the reproductive organs, and … Although it prefers full sun, the Japanese White Birch thrives in northern and eastern exposures that receivs some afternoon shade. Birch trees thrive in moist soil and full sunlight. Yellow birch may be known regionally as swamp birch, curly birch, gold birch, or hard birch. Paper birch, (Betula papyrifera), ornamental, shade, and timber tree of the family...…. The bark of most poplars is dark colored, hard, fissured or furrowed on the mature specimens. Some varieties grow in shrubby clusters. These mushrooms, Piptoporus betulinus, are found almost exclusively on birch trees. The most abundant poplar, the eastern cottonwood, is more massive than any birch, as this cottonwood can grow to 100 feet and has a spreading canopy. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. Birch bark turns lighter and peels off in sheets as the tree matures; aspen bark may become rough in older trees but does not peel off. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. But birches still make excellent, fast-growing landscape specimens, provided you have realistic expectations. Color of the bark is commonly white and reddish-brown. River birch may also be known as red birch, black birch, or water birch. The soft, yellowish- or reddish-white wood is commercially important in construction and in the manufacture of vehicles, furniture, and small articles such as spoons and snowshoes. This tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, but is resistant to the bronze birch borer which can devastate other species of birch. Do not let this deter you though; these are magnificent trees and should definitely be considered for inclusion in your landscape. One species of white birch, B. pubescens, is a tree about 18 m (60 feet) tall and is native to Eurasia. jacquemontii), Japanese White Birch (Betula platyphylla 'Japanica'), Silver Birch (Betula pendula or B. verrucosa), Water Birch (Betula occidentalis or Betula fontinalis), 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs. The bark, on mature trees, develops vertical cracks that form irregular scaly plates, closely resembling the bark of cherry trees. Paper birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that is orange in color. long (7 cm), with some golden-yellow fall color before they shed for the winter. 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