For example, Samoans abroad will often send remittances to family members in Samoa as a way to maintain family connections and respect for one another. Matai are also seen as spiritual caretakers of all those who fall under their authority. "And because there is a large number of Samoans now living in Auckland, so they need to embrace their culture. Samoan society is based on a collectivist system of governance known as ‘fa’a Matai’. We have a drinking culture in New Zealand, but it is fine to have non-alcoholic drinks when you are socialising. the most recent global estimates cited in the CIA World Factbook. For example, youth are expected to defer to elders and those of higher status. Join over 300 organisations already creating a better workplace. Do you mean the people or their languages? fa‘alavelave (ceremonial and other family obligations). Fa’a Samoa - the Samoan way – is a way of life that stretches back more than 3,000 years and is reflected in every aspect of Samoa’s communal society. 2 Samoan society is generally free of ethnic tension, largely as a result of homogeneity and a history of intermarriage that has … While most Samoans uphold rules and traditions underpinning fa’a Samoa, Samoan families living abroad may have a more relaxed approach towards cultural protocols. Although the earlier culture of the Māori displayed social stratification, the classes relatively disappeared with influence and interaction with other cultures. Closely related to the role of the Ali’i is the Taupou. Smoking All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. A 2002 article from ESPN estimated that a Samoan male (either an American Samoan, or a Samoan living in the 50 United States) is 40 times more likely to play in the NFL than a non-Samoan American. Quoted in M. Anae, ‘Fofoaivaoese: identity journeys of New Zealand-born Samoans.’ PhD thesis, University of Auckland, 1998. Money, prayers, support, food, material goods, and even relatives themselves, circulate within families around the world – wherever Samoan people live and work. From there, the artist will design a tatau. The Census of 1921 lists 164 persons in New Zealand who were born in Western Samoa 1; the 1945 Census lists 592 2 and that of 1956 lists 2,995 3—an expansion from 1945 to 1956 of the order of 5. The importance of fa’aaloalo is evident in a number of ways. There tends to be a distinction between the urban and village areas in Samoa. New Zealand was ill-equipped to cope with the Western Samoa mandate it was allocated by the League of Nations in 1920. Please provide your email to receive your eBook download and receipt. In the 1960s and 1970s, this decidedly Polynesian identity included young Māori. Fa’a Samoa refers to a complex cultural code that guides and teaches individuals on how to lead their life. (indicating when these statistics were last updated). A New Zealand-based Samoan chief has been sentenced to 11 years in prison for human trafficking and using 13 of his countrymen as slaves over a 25-year period. Many younger Samoans have difficulty accepting tautua and fa‘aaloalo, and the unquestioning obedience required of children. Samoa is a group of islands located in the heart of Polynesia within the southern Pacific Ocean. The role of a Matai is based on one’s ability to serve those around them rather than seek prestige. Samoan also has a polite variant used in formal communication and a colloquial form used in daily communication. In this system, society is organised by extended families (aiga), with each family having its own ‘Matai’ (‘chief’ or ‘leader’) titles that are connected to certain districts, villages and plots of family land. Taulapapa McMullin, Dan. Nonetheless, the fa’a Matai system persists as an integral part of fa’a Samoa. The main sports played in Samoa are rugby union and Samoan cricket (kilikiti). The vast majority of Samoans possess Polynesian heritage, with approximately 96% identifying as ethnically Samoan as of 2011. Most Samoans have lived in coastal villages and continue to do so, with about four-fifths of the population located in rural areas. younger than the median age of the New Zealand population (Statistics New Zealand, 2014. Matai tend to gain status and influence through accumulating resources as well as their ability to mobilise and redistribute them. A number have also ventured into pr… Because t… ›. Traditionally, a tatau was a symbol of one’s status and social rank as well as a rite of passage from adolescence to adulthood. Young people are expected to serve and show respect to elders, and can expect to receive love, protection, honour, a name to be proud of, and defence by the family when it is needed. To be a Taupou, the woman is generally connected to the family or village by blood and is the daughter of an Ali’i. What remains constant is maintaining the family and links with the homeland. The three main pillars of Fa’a Samoa are the matai (chiefs), aiga (extended family), and the Christian church. The relative quiet of New Zealand's wartime administration was shattered by a devastating influenza pandemic in November 1918, which killed approximately 8500 Samoans, about 22% of the population.For survivors, the disaster, and especially the administration's bumbling response to it, was seared into memory. 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