The crewed Apollo program was developed in parallel; after a series of uncrewed and crewed tests of the Apollo spacecraft in Earth orbit, and spurred on by a potential Soviet lunar human landing, in 1968 Apollo 8 made the first human mission to lunar orbit. [112][113] The data revealed the distinct reflective signatures of water-ice, as opposed to dust and other reflective substances. Wir laden Sie herzlich dazu ein, sich unserer Bewegung anzuschließen! This would have melted the outer shell of Earth, and thus formed a magma ocean. The cloud is asymmetric, more dense near the boundary between the Moon's dayside and nightside. However, outgassing does occasionally occur and could be responsible for a minor percentage of the reported lunar transient phenomena. The study included the possibility of conducting a lunar-based nuclear test. [172], According to recent research, scientists suggest that the Moon's influence on the Earth may contribute to maintaining Earth's magnetic field.[173]. The result is a further tidal effect of the Moon on the Earth that causes a bulge of the solid portion of the Earth nearest the Moon that acts as a torque in opposition to the Earth's rotation. These clouds are generated during large impacts in an ambient magnetic field. Beside the traces of human activity on the Moon, there have been some intended permanent installations like the Moon Museum art piece, Apollo 11 goodwill messages, Lunar plaque, the Fallen Astronaut memorial, and other artifacts. Solar System → Local Interstellar Cloud → Local Bubble → Gould Belt → Orion Arm → Milky Way → Milky Way subgroup → Local Group → Local Sheet → Virgo Supercluster → Laniakea Supercluster → Observable universe → UniverseEach arrow (→) may be read as "within" or "part of". [164] Since the Moon is orbiting the Earth in the same direction of the Earth's rotation, the high tides occur about every 12 hours and 25 minutes; the 25 minutes is due to the Moon's time to orbit the Earth. The near side of the Moon is marked by dark volcanic maria ("seas"), which fill the spaces between bright ancient crustal highlands and prominent impact craters. [175] In a total eclipse, the Moon completely covers the disc of the Sun and the solar corona becomes visible to the naked eye. [71][k] This is due partly to the brightness enhancement of the opposition surge; the Moon at quarter phase is only one-tenth as bright, rather than half as bright, as at full moon. [231] However, that program has been canceled in favor of a human asteroid landing by 2025 and a human Mars orbit by 2035. However, later radar observations by Arecibo, suggest these findings may rather be rocks ejected from young impact craters. [12][129] Elements that have been detected include sodium and potassium, produced by sputtering (also found in the atmospheres of Mercury and Io); helium-4 and neon[130] from the solar wind; and argon-40, radon-222, and polonium-210, outgassed after their creation by radioactive decay within the crust and mantle. [186][185](p227) Although the Chinese of the Han Dynasty believed the Moon to be energy equated to qi, their 'radiating influence' theory also recognized that the light of the Moon was merely a reflection of the Sun, and Jing Fang (78–37 BC) noted the sphericity of the Moon. Its gravitational influence produces Earth's tides and slightly lengthens Earth's day. Since the 1990s, many more countries have become involved in direct exploration of the Moon. Current Time: Dec 20, 2020 at 6:21:28 am: Moon Direction: ↑ 35° Northeast Moon Altitude: -58.3° Moon Distance: 245,068 mi: Next Full Moon: Dec 29, 2020, 9:28 pm As a result, there are two high tides, and two low tides in about 24 hours. Larger planets tend to have more satellites, both large and small, than smaller planets. Likewise, hundreds of millions of years in the future, the Moon will no longer cover the Sun completely, and total solar eclipses will not occur. However, since the 1960s, scientists have hypothesized that water ice may be deposited by impacting comets or possibly produced by the reaction of oxygen-rich lunar rocks, and hydrogen from solar wind, leaving traces of water which could possibly persist in cold, permanently shadowed craters at either pole on the Moon. The full moon is highest in the sky during winter (for each hemisphere). Occasionally, the name Luna /ˈluːnə/ is used in scientific writing[21] and especially in science fiction to distinguish the Earth's moon from others, while in poetry "Luna" has been used to denote personification of Earth's moon. Regulärer Kinostart in Deutschland war am 15. One particular challenge for astronauts' daily life during their stay on the surface is the lunar dust sticking to their suits and being carried into their quaters. [197] Two pioneering robotic rovers landed on the Moon in 1970 and 1973 as a part of Soviet Lunokhod programme. This atmosphere, sourced from gases ejected from lunar volcanic eruptions, was twice the thickness of that of present-day Mars. "Detection of Water in the LCROSS Ejecta Plume", "High Pre-Eruptive Water Contents Preserved in Lunar Melt Inclusions", "Beyond the Shadow of a Doubt, Water Ice Exists on the Moon", "Water Ice Confirmed on the Surface of the Moon for the 1st Time! The ancient lunar atmosphere was eventually stripped away by solar winds and dissipated into space. Moon ist ein Hard SF aus dem Jahr 2009 von Duncan Jones mit Sam Rockwell, Kevin Spacey und Dominique McElligott. Ten other American astronauts followed. 18. Philosophers Aristotle and Pliny the Elder argued that the full moon induced insanity in susceptible individuals, believing that the brain, which is mostly water, must be affected by the Moon and its power over the tides, but the Moon's gravity is too slight to affect any single person. There are sidreal rotation periods (or sidreal day, in relation to the stars), and synodic rotation periods (or synodic day, in relation to the Sun). Der weitgehend automatisierte Förderprozess benötigt nur noch einen einzigen menschlichen Bediener. NASA is promising 2 astronauts -- a man and a woman -- … A prize of $20 million was to be awarded to the first private venture to get to the Moon with a robotic lander by the end of March 2018, with additional prizes worth $10 million for further milestones. [192], During the Middle Ages, before the invention of the telescope, the Moon was increasingly recognised as a sphere, though many believed that it was "perfectly smooth". Sam ist psychisch in schlechter Verfassung und leidet an Halluzinationen, wodurch es zu einem Unfall mit einem Rover außerhalb der Basis kommt. [125], The Moon has an atmosphere so tenuous as to be nearly vacuum, with a total mass of less than 10 tonnes (9.8 long tons; 11 short tons). Although the moon has remained largely unchanged during human history, our understanding of it and how it has evolved over time has evolved dramatically. [30] These names – Luna, Cynthia and Selene – are reflected in technical terms for lunar orbits such as apolune, pericynthion and selenocentric. This rotation is due to tidal locking synchronous to its orbital period around Earth. The Moon's apparent size is nearly the same as that of the Sun, allowing it to cover the Sun almost completely during a total solar eclipse. ) Recently, it has been suggested that a roughly 3 km (1.9 mi) diameter region of the lunar surface was modified by a gas release event about a million years ago. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. ", "Moonlight helps plankton escape predators during Arctic winters", "Moongazers Delight – Biggest Supermoon in Decades Looms Large Sunday Night", "Full moon tonight is as close as it gets", "22 Degree Halo: a ring of light 22 degrees from the sun or moon", University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, "A new determination of lunar orbital parameters, precession constant and tidal acceleration from LLR measurements", "Why the Moon is getting further away from Earth", "Is the Moon maintaining Earth's magnetism? ", "Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies", "The treaties control space-related activities of States. The dust measurements were made by LADEE's Lunar Dust EXperiment (LDEX), between 20 and 100 kilometers above the surface, during a six-month period. The finer regolith, the lunar soil of silicon dioxide glass, has a texture resembling snow and a scent resembling spent gunpowder. The isotopic equalization of the Earth-Moon system might be explained by the post-impact mixing of the vaporized material that formed the two,[45] although this is debated. The fifth largest moon in the solar system, Earth's moon is the only place beyond Earth where humans have set foot. Analysis of the findings of the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) revealed in August 2018 for the first time "definitive evidence" for water-ice on the lunar surface. [228], NASA began to plan to resume human missions following the call by U.S. President George W. Bush on 14 January 2004 for a human mission to the Moon by 2019 and the construction of a lunar base by 2024. These figures were greatly improved by Ptolemy (90–168 AD): his values of a mean distance of 59 times Earth's radius and a diameter of 0.292 Earth diameters were close to the correct values of about 60 and 0.273 respectively. While gravitation causes acceleration and movement of the Earth's fluid oceans, gravitational coupling between the Moon and Earth's solid body is mostly elastic and plastic. The spectrometer observed absorption lines common to hydroxyl, in reflected sunlight, providing evidence of large quantities of water ice, on the lunar surface. [58] The final liquids to crystallise would have been initially sandwiched between the crust and mantle, with a high abundance of incompatible and heat-producing elements. e [22] Cynthia /ˈsɪnθiə/ is another poetic name, though rare, for the Moon personified as a goddess,[23] while Selene /səˈliːniː/ (literally "Moon") is the Greek goddess of the Moon. [78][79][80][81] Just prior to this, evidence has been presented for 2–10 million years younger basaltic volcanism inside the crater Lowell,[82][83] Orientale basin, located in the transition zone between the near and far sides of the Moon. Die Mission von MOON ist es, Elektromobilität Alltag werden zu lassen. Der taucht hier in allen denkbaren Formen auf, als Original, als Klon und sogar als elektronisches Gehirn.“[8], Auch Michael Althen von der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung sieht in der Reduktion beim Einsatz von Spezialeffekten Vorteile: Moon sei „ein pfiffiger Science-Fiction-Film alter Schule, in dem die sparsam eingesetzten Effekte nur Mittel zum Zweck sind.“ Trotz vieler Rückgriffe innerhalb des Genres erhalte der Film dadurch eine besondere Aufwertung, denn „die Lieblingsfrage des Genres nach der Identität des Menschen [wird] um eine interessante Variante erweitert. Earth's Moon is the fifth largest of the 190+ moons orbiting planets in our solar system. Eclipses only occur when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are all in a straight line (termed "syzygy"). This is thought to be because the Moon fused from two different bodies. [77] In 2014 NASA announced "widespread evidence of young lunar volcanism" at 70 irregular mare patches identified by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, some less than 50 million years old. [252] Russia, China, India, and the U.S. are party to the 1967 Outer Space Treaty,[253] which defines the Moon and all outer space as the "province of all mankind". Long-lived instrument stations, including heat flow probes, seismometers, and magnetometers, were installed at the Apollo 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17 landing sites. Ware ist dadurch jederzeit verfügbar – auch wenn diese sich aktuell nicht bei Ihnen auf Lager befindet. [121], The Moon has an external magnetic field of generally less than 0.2 nanoteslas,[122] or less than one hundred thousandth that of Earth. Alle in der folgenden Liste gelisteten Moon sind unmittelbar im Internet erhältlich und somit in weniger als 2 Tagen bei Ihnen zuhause. [13] The Moon orbits Earth at an average lunar distance of 384,400 km (238,900 mi),[14] or 1.28 light-seconds. There are a few different types of unusual full moon types, which include blood moons, supermoons, blue moons, and harvest moons, and others. A lunar day is a synodic day. In 2016, planetary scientists using data collected on the much earlier NASA Lunar Prospector mission, found two hydrogen-rich areas (most likely former water ice) on opposite sides of the Moon. The rotation period depends on the frame of reference. Moon - Der absolute Testsieger unserer Produkttester Um Ihnen zuhause die Wahl des richtigen Produkts wenigstens etwas abzunehmen, haben unsere Produkttester am Ende den Sieger ausgesucht, welcher ohne Zweifel unter all den Moon enorm herausragt - vor allem unter dem Aspekt Verhältnis von Qualität und Preis. Mute (2018), Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle der Filmwirtschaft,, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. [108][109] Another examination of the LCROSS data showed the amount of detected water to be closer to 155 ± 12 kg (342 ± 26 lb).[110]. Google Moon kostenlos downloaden! It has a rocky silicate composition and is of planetary mass but has no significant atmosphere, hydrosphere or magnetic field. [53], The Moon is a differentiated body. These missions returned lunar rocks which have been used to develop a detailed geological understanding of the Moon's origins, internal structure, and subsequent history; the most widely accepted origin explanation posits that the Moon formed about 4.51 billion years ago, not long after Earth, out of the debris from a giant impact between the planet and a hypothetical Mars-sized body called Theia. It came to represent the goddess Artemis or Hecate, and via the patronage of Hecate came to be used as a symbol of Byzantium. On July 20, 1969, NASA astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first people to set foot on the dusty surface of the Moon. [262] In Greco-Roman mythology, the Sun and the Moon are represented as male and female, respectively (Helios/Sol and Selene/Luna);[261] this is a development unique to the eastern Mediterranean[261] and traces of an earlier male moon god in the Greek tradition are preserved in the figure of Menelaus.[261]. Its shape is more elongated than current tidal forces can account for. Dust particle counts peaked during the Geminid, Quadrantid, Northern Taurid, and Omicron Centaurid meteor showers, when the Earth, and Moon, pass through comet debris. Once launchers had the necessary capabilities, these nations sent uncrewed probes on both flyby and impact/lander missions. This is the coldest temperature in the Solar System ever measured by a spacecraft, colder even than the surface of Pluto. [46], The impact released a lot of energy and then the released material re-accreted into the Earth–Moon system. Between 4 October 2007 and 10 June 2009, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's Kaguya (Selene) mission, a lunar orbiter fitted with a high-definition video camera, and two small radio-transmitter satellites, obtained lunar geophysics data and took the first high-definition movies from beyond Earth orbit. sin [62][64] The highest elevations of the surface are located directly to the northeast, and it has been suggested might have been thickened by the oblique formation impact of the South Pole–Aitken basin. [214], The European spacecraft SMART-1, the second ion-propelled spacecraft, was in lunar orbit from 15 November 2004 until its lunar impact on 3 September 2006, and made the first detailed survey of chemical elements on the lunar surface. [250] This contamination poses a danger since the fine lunar dust can cause health issues. This hypothesis, although not perfect, perhaps best explains the evidence. [71] This view gained support in 1892 from the experimentation of geologist Grove Karl Gilbert, and from comparative studies from 1920 to the 1940s,[195] leading to the development of lunar stratigraphy, which by the 1950s was becoming a new and growing branch of astrogeology.[71]. The Moon is Earth's only proper natural satellite. Telescopic mapping of the Moon followed: later in the 17th century, the efforts of Giovanni Battista Riccioli and Francesco Maria Grimaldi led to the system of naming of lunar features in use today. [220] The Indian Space Research Organisation planned to launch Chandrayaan-2 in 2013, which would have included a Russian robotic lunar rover. The Moon is an exceptionally large natural satellite relative to Earth: Its diameter is more than a quarter and its mass is 1/81 of Earth's. Thus the distance between Earth and Moon is increasing, and the Earth's rotation is slowing in reaction. Digitale Bildung für alle: Bei Magenta Moon erwarten dich 2 Wochen voller Talks, Tutorials, Workshops und vieles mehr. Der jüngere Sam zerstört mit den Harvestern die abseits der Basis gelegenen Störsender, mit denen bis dahin ein direkter Funkkontakt zwischen Mondbasis und der Erde verhindert wurde. Privately funded lunar exploration has been promoted by the Google Lunar X Prize, announced 13 September 2007, which offers US$20 million to anyone who can land a robotic rover on the Moon and meet other specified criteria. The Moon is a rounded astronomical body that orbits the Earth as its only natural satellite. The lunar surface is relatively non-reflective, with a reflectance just slightly brighter than that of worn asphalt. In 2001, a team at the Carnegie Institute of Washington reported the most precise measurement of the isotopic signatures of lunar rocks. [75][76] In contrast to Earth, no major lunar mountains are believed to have formed as a result of tectonic events. The first uncrewed mission to the Moon was in 1959 by the Soviet Lunar Program with the first crewed landing being Apollo 11 in 1969. Atomic clocks also show that Earth's day lengthens by about 15 microseconds every year,[169] slowly increasing the rate at which UTC is adjusted by leap seconds. [185](p411) [41][42][43][44] Other bodies of the inner Solar System such as Mars and Vesta have, according to meteorites from them, very different oxygen and tungsten isotopic compositions compared to Earth. It has a geochemically distinct crust, mantle, and core. [1], Consistent with this perspective, geochemical mapping made from orbit suggests the crust of mostly anorthosite. [218][219] Mit seiner Frau Tess und seiner kleinen Tochter Eve auf der Erde steht er nur per Video-Botschaften in Verbindung. ≈ The Moon does appear larger when close to the horizon, but this is a purely psychological effect, known as the moon illusion, first described in the 7th century BC. [71] Rock and soil samples were brought back to Earth by three Luna sample return missions (Luna 16 in 1970, Luna 20 in 1972, and Luna 24 in 1976), which returned 0.3 kg total. On average, 120 kilograms of dust are present above the Moon, rising to 100 kilometers above the surface. [170][171], In a like manner, the lunar surface experiences tides of around 10 cm (4 in) amplitude over 27 days, with two components: a fixed one due to Earth, because they are in synchronous rotation, and a varying component from the Sun. The inclusions were formed during explosive eruptions on the Moon approximately 3.7 billion years ago. It is the fifth largest satellite in the Solar System, larger than any dwarf planet and the largest natural satellite in the Solar System relative to the size of its planet, at a quarter the diameter of Earth, comparable to the width of Australia. Der US-amerikanische Schauspieler Sam Rockwell spielt in dem Film eine Doppel- bzw. 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