False it depends on where it migrates. Bibliography. • Pathogenicity: Describes an organism's potential to cause infection or disease. Along the New England coast between 1616 and 1618, epidemics claimed the lives of 75 percent of the native people. Belgian Congo, French Congo Belge, former colony (coextensive with the present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo) in Africa, ruled by Belgium from 1908 until 1960. An infectious microorganism that is normally a commensal or does not harm its host but can cause disease when the host's resistance is low. Colonisation (or colonization) is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components. Africans’ Resistance To Colonialism- Things You Never Knew About The Colonial Era Power. Decolonization is an evidence-based intervention that can be used to prevent health care-associated infections (HAIs). Unit 2 Quizlet Vocabulary Review . The first phase of European colonization of Southeast Asia took place throughout the 16th and 17th centuries after the arrival of Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish and later French and British marine spice traders. 8. List the steps a microbe has to take to get to the point where it can cause disease, • Portal of entry (usually thorough skin or mucous membranes). First, settler colonisers “come to stay”: unlike colonial agents such as traders, soldiers, or governors, settler collectives intend to permanently occupy and assert sovereignty over indigenous lands. Both labour and capital in England had become fairly fluid by 1600 and were seeking more profitable fields. Colonization resistance results primarily from the "limiting action" of the normal anaerobic flora, and to a lesser extent from an intact mucosa, gastric acid secretion, intestinal motility, and intestinal-associated immunity (41) . 8. Colonization is the establishment and multiplication of microbe on the body surface. ... Germans killed by the famine, and the Germans shocked by the outcome made some government reforms in an attempt to make colonization more acceptable for the Africans. The positive side of the medicine wheel talks about creating good relationships. Both labour and capital in England had become fairly fluid by 1600 and were seeking more profitable fields. Colonialism is the policy of a country seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of economic dominance. Define bioterrorism, and list examples of possible biological agents. Chapter 3 – Resistance to Colonization Overview Medicine Wheel Direction – South (Red) – Time and Relationships. For S. aureus, higher-abundance colonization that is detectable by culture is further linked to higher risk of subsequent infection than lower-abundance colonization that is frequently undetected by culture . Helped found and govern Jamestown. The following source covers the history of Hong Kong from its colonization in 1839 to its return to China in 1997. Start studying APUSH, Unit 2. In nearly all African countries today, the language \[…\] Colonization. 12. Finally, some concluding remarks will be … Barton, Thomas F., Robert C. Kingsbury, and Gerald R. Showalter. 2. ''1 The colonization movement began in 1816 as an antislavery response to the dilemma of what to do with free and freed Negroes. True/False: If a virus causing a respiratory disease is ingested, it will not cause disease. This resulted in a significant decrease in the incidence of plasmid-mediated, polyclonal CRKp colonization and infection . impact of colonialism on 19th and early 20th century China will be briefly discussed. The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. List and describe three factors that weaken host defenses and increase susceptibility to infection. Also, to figure out the role of normal biota in health and disease. Summarize the goals of epidemiology and the roles of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Colonization and Independence in Africa explores these themes generally, as well as specifically through four country case studies: Ghana, Algeria, Kenya, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 7. Native Americans and colonization: the 16th and 17th centuries. Compared to the British who only wanted to increase there territory dominace and increase their wealth, they did not care about the Natives. 1. Explain the effects of the development of transatlantic ... significant social, cultural, and political changes on both sides of the The Atlantic Ocean. to work out there [sic] Salvation the best they can. Imperialism is a policy or ideology of extending the rule over peoples and other countries, for extending political and economic access, power and control, through employing hard power especially military force, but also soft power.While related to the concepts of colonialism and empire, imperialism is a distinct concept that can apply to other forms of expansion and many forms of government. List several portals of entry and exit. Anti-Western protests, sometime called primary resistance movements, organized to expel foreigners and restore the culture to … Years under US and Dutch colonial rule are significantly better than years under the Spanish and Portuguese.” Knock me over with a feather: being colonized by an economically more advanced European nation, or the U.S., gives better results than colonization by nations whose best days were hundreds of years ago. new period of imperialism. Epidemiology- effects of disease on the community. by. What impact did the end of World War I have on African colonies under European rule? Colonization resistance is the mechanism whereby the intestinal microbiota protects itself against incursion by new and often harmful microorganisms. She was a Winnebago woman who taught art at the Carlisle school, creating a niche for herself by specializing in Native-American subject matter. Imperialism In The Nineteenth Century A significant shift occurred in the second half of the nineteenth century. Methods of Control/Resistance; Colonizer Vs colonized. The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. Content and Exam vocabulary from APUSH Period 2 (1607-1753) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. -the use of a biological agent (bacteria, virus, toxin) to intentionally cause disease in civilian populations for the purpose of creating terror. Colonization definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. European Colonization Effects 1222 Words | 5 Pages. The battles continued but did not truly threaten Zulu sovereignty. 11. Rebellions Against Colonial Rule Before the Second World War. Although COP colonization itself is asymptomatic, it can be an important risk factor for subsequent disease . 5. Differentiate among the terms colonization, infection, and disease. Slavery Narrative Rubric ... African Resistance to Imperialism Notes. 13. List several virulence factors, and summarize their actions within a host. After 1870 and even more dramatically after 1885, there was a remarkable increase in the European acquisition of colonial territories in the South Pacific, Asia, and Africa In 1870, about 10% of Africa had been colonized, whereas by… Differentiate among the various types of reservoirs, providing examples of each. Southeast Asia in Maps. Differentiate between a microbe's pathogenicity and its virulence. The purpose of colonization was to serve as a source of inexpensive labor and natural resources. minimum number of microbes required for an infection to proceed. Colonialism is when one nation seeks to further its own interests by exerting control and occupying another independent state, removing its independence. How Africa October 25, 2017, 11:46 am Compare and contrast major characteristics of exotoxins and endotoxin. Perhaps European colonization’s single greatest impact on the North American environment was the introduction of disease. ADVERTISEMENTS: There is no unanimity amongst scholars regarding the impact of West­ern Colonialism and Imperialism on Asia and Africa. -Old age and extreme youth (infancy, prematurity). England's first permanent settlement in North America. Differentiate between the terms incidence and prevalence. But she faced financial instability, resistance from both white and Native American people, and an ongoing feeling of alienation. Inter-Pueblo trade and other ties between Pueblo people were established, such as new trade relationships between Jemez and Tewa people which became stronger during the revolt era than they had been in the 300 years before 1680. 10. In 1st Jan, 1519, Hernan Cortes tried to conquer the Aztec empire with 500 men. Look it up now! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Discuss how the Human Microbiome Project has changed our understanding of normal biota. Mexico changed forever Aug. 13, 1521 -- the day Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez conquered Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire and site of … A condition in which pathogenic microorganisms penetrate host defenses, enter the tissues, and multiply is a(n) ________. 11. Colonization with health care-associated pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, enterococci, Gram-negative organisms, and Clostridium difficile is associated with increased risk of infection. 14. Settler colonialism can be distinguished from other forms of colonialism – including classical or metropole colonialism, and neo-colonialism – by a number of key features. True/False: Babies born by caesarian section are colonized by the same biota as babies born vaginally. 1. Start studying Ch. In 1822, the society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in 1847 became the independent nation of Liberia. Colonization and Independence in Africa 24 Day Two TRB Advanced Study Guide—Part II 1. Colonial Resistance and Rebellion Crispus Attucks was a sailor of African and Native-American ances-try. Bacterial ________ are toxic to the host in minute amounts. In 1822, the society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in 1847 became the independent nation of Liberia. Modern Southeast Asian countries emerge from their rich history, diverse cultures as well as their social transformation from their anti-western colonial struggle as well as their anti-Japanese resistance during World War II. Unit 2 Test Study Guide Unit 2 Performance Assessment . What do viral pandemics have to do with an opioid crisis? To understand what effects WW2 had on the nature of the fight against colonialism and imperialism in Africa we need to look at the climate just before WW2. A _______ is an epidemic occurring over multiple continents. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. colonizing the Americas. During the period of ________, a pathogen exhibits its greatest virulence. and tell us what microbes are there. In 1st Jan, 1600, two diseases, smallpox and typhus, spread all over Mexico. university of ottawa land acknowledgement, For the entirety of human history, we have dealt with infectious disease, epidemic events, and global crises, but perhaps not at the scale we are now experiencing. 6. In the 1600s, French and Dutch settlers in North America took a very different approach to colonization than their English or Spanish counterparts. 5.0: Prelude to Virulence Factors that Promote Bacterial Colonization Virulence factors are molecules expressed on or secreted by microorganisms that enable them to colonize the host, evade or inhibit the immune responses of the host, enter into or out of a host cell, and/or obtain nutrition from the host. Enumerate the sites where normal biota is found in humans. 19. MacArthur supplied them by submarine, and sent reinforcements and officers. This led to … Escalating resistance among Klebsiella prompted us to class-restrict all cephalosporin and cephamycin use hospitalwide to remove the selective pressure for late-generation resistance in both K. pneumoniae and A. baumannii . Effects of Colonisation on North American Indians Since the Europeans set foot on North American soil in 1620,they have had a devastating effect on the native population. A ________ is objective evidence of disease. (The Japanese, after witnessing the treatment of China by the West and its own experience of near-colonialism in 1853, successfully establish Japan as a competitor with Western powers for colonial rights in Asia and special privileges in China.) The main part of the essay will attempt to critically analyze the impact of colonialism in three parts, namely; a) on the state, b) on the economy, and c) on the society. ‘During the French colonization, this was the quarantine zone for the port.’ ‘In lectures before the association, he spoke out against slavery and colonization, while urging African-American solidarity.’ ‘Their resistance to colonization is evident in the fact that … Unlike in Africa and Asia where trade had been established for years and connections had been made for centuries before colonization took place. Gymnosperms (the nonflowering seed plants) are only woody plants with a few woody twining vines. Second, most antibiotics substantially reduce the normal resistance of the intestinal tract to colonization by exogenous organisms . ________ diseases are caused by newly identified microbes. 18. Define healthcare-associated infection, listing common types and their causative agents. Define opportunism, and list examples of common opportunistic pathogens. An infectious microorganism that is normally a commensal or does not harm its host but can cause disease when the host's resistance is low. 1. On the night of March 5, 1770, he was part of a large and angry crowd that had gathered at the Boston Customs House to harass the British soldiers stationed there. Colonialism is defined as “control by one power over a dependent area or people.” It occurs when one nation subjugates another, conquering … You could purchase guide Chapter 27 Section 2 Colonization And Imperialism or Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. Colonial nationalist movements developed a sense of belonging to a larger international movement of colonized peoples seeking liberation from colonialism and racial oppression. How does a polio epidemic exacerbate racism? True/False: The etiology of all infectious diseases can be determined by Koch's Postulates. 9. 10. In popular parlance, discussions of colonialism in Africa usually focus on the European conquests that resulted in the scramble for Africa after the Berlin Conference in the 19th century\. 2. Other articles where Colonization is discussed: angiosperm: Distribution and abundance: …has contributed to their successful colonization of more habitats than any other group of land plants. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 3. Banished from Massachusetts colony, one of the founders of Rhode Island, A government controlled by religious leaders, Grain, animal products, large plots of land, French nobleman, looking for religious freedom, Cooked, cleaned, no legal rights, could not own property, A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies. - The disease has significant public health significance (TB, Anthrax). On the one hand, some scholars hold that it greatly contributed to the civilizing of the back­ward people and contributed to the improvement of their living standards. Define infectious dose, and explain its role in establishing infection. List Koch's postulates, and explain alternative methods for identifying an etiologic agent. 2. Colonization resistance was first identified in 1967, and it was initially referred to as antibiotic associated susceptibility. The history of external colonisation of Africa can be divided into two stages\: Classical antiquity and European colonialism\. List examples of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. 15. The HMP will collect genetic sequences in gut, respiratory tract, skin, etc. Settler colonialism is a form of colonialism that seeks to replace the original population of the colonized territory with a new society of settlers. By 1867, the society had sent more than 13,000 emigrants. 25.1 Guided Notes. American colonies - American colonies - How colonization took place: A variety of motives—political, religious, and economic—contributed to the settling of the Atlantic seaboard. Microbes to which native inhabitants had no immunity led to death everywhere Europeans settled. A(n) _______ disease is seen at a steady frequency over a long period of time in a particular location. Western Africa - Western Africa - Colonization: The European scramble to partition and occupy African territory is often treated as a peripheral aspect of the political and economic rivalries that developed between the new industrial nations in Europe itself and that were particularly acute from about 1870 to 1914. After 1900, Europe began to introduce changes to colonial rule in an effort to increase revenues from the colonies. English - This is a post-colonial perspective of "The White Man's Burden". The Human ________ Project collects genetic sequences of microbes from many body sites. Some people think that the colonization was a great event that happened to the Americans and Europeans. What role did Pan Africanism play in the growth of anticolonial nationalism? Our Hawaiian people, now but a remnant of the nearly one million Natives present at contact with the West in the 18th century, live at the margins of our island society. American colonies - American colonies - How colonization took place: A variety of motives—political, religious, and economic—contributed to the settling of the Atlantic seaboard. Healthcare-associated infection-Infectious diseases that are acquired or develop during a hospital stay or stay in another health care facility. The teachings of Zhawaanong (the south) include: Time, relationships, youth, and patience. True/False: The lungs are sterile sites. I will be discussing the long term effect of North American colonisation on the Native Americans, focusing on such issues as employment opportunities, the environment, culture and traditions, health, as well as social justice. Identify why some diseases are "notifiable," and provide four examples of such reportable diseases. 1) directly through the action of enzymes. 16. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 4. 17. • Exotoxin: Secreted by a living bacterial cell to the infected tissues. 7. incidence conveys information about the risk of contracting the disease, whereas prevalence indicates how widespread the disease is. It also focuses on the social adaptations of ethnic Hong Kong citizens. 6. Japan occupied the Philippines for over three years, until the surrender of Japan. Key Concept: 2.1: Europeans developed a variety of colonization and migration patterns, influenced by different imperial goals, cultures, and the varied North American environments where they settled, and they competed with each other and American Indians for resources. Here to connect the dots are authors and medical professionals […] There are few herbaceous or aquatic gymnosperms; most gymnosperms do not occur as swampy … For many indigenous nations, however, the first impressions of Europeans were characterized by violent … 7. The minimum number of microbes required to cause diseases is the _______ ______. It was the beginning of colonization through the Spanish. Explain the context for the colonization of North America from 1607 to 1754. Discuss the three major types of epidemic, and identify the epidemic curves associated with each. 5. if the virus can survive Ph then it can survive in small intestine. Start studying History: Unit 2 Test. Look it up now! The term is derived from the Latin word colere, which means "to inhabit". Modern Hawai'i, like its colonial overlord, the United States of America, is a settler society. New social identities were created, blurring the traditional linguistic-ethnic boundaries that defined Pueblo villages during the first eight decades of colonization. Unit 2: Imperialism & Colonization Transatlantic Slave Trade Prezi. 27 Section 2 Colonization And Imperialism is additionally useful. You have remained in right site to start getting this info. Related posts: Narrate the background of the liberation movement […] 4. List six different modes of horizontal transmission, providing an infectious disease spread by each. It was established by the Belgian parliament to replace the previous, privately owned Congo Free State, after international outrage over abuses there brought pressure for supervision and accountability. Some effects were bad and some ere good. The readings and lessons help students consider the perspectives of Africans and the ways in which they responded to European colonialism. acquire the Chapter 27 Section 2 Colonization And Imperialism belong to that we come up with the money for here and check out the link. diplomatic negotiations and military resistance. Exoenzymes: break down and inflict damage on tissues, dissolve host's defense barriers and promote the spread of microbes into deeper tissues (secreted by pathogenic bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms), 9. 1. In this video, Kim examines the trading relationships that French and Dutch settlers established with Native Americans in North America and how colonial goals affected patterns of settlement. In the 1830's the Boers, migrated to the interior of Southern Africa and began to engage in conflicts with Zulu. The number of new cases of disease over a certain time period is the ________. A highly effective guerilla campaign by Philippine resistance forces controlled sixty percent of the islands, mostly jungle and mountain areas. resistance. 8. Even microbes that can't be grown in a lab. Programme Director, Comrades, Brothers and Sisters, The effects of colonialism past and present are visible all over Africa. Can be caused by bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan pathogens Examples: • Candida albicans - a causal agent of opportunistic oral and genital infections in … UTI, Surgical site infections, Lower raspiratory tract infection, gastroenteritis. In 1st Apr, 1519, Hernan Cortes started conquering. Spanish, French, Dutch, and British ... Quizlet Live. 6. There are different perspectives about colonization. The Great Pueblo Revolt, or Pueblo Revolt [AD 1680-1696], was a 16-year period in the history of the American southwest when the Pueblo people overthrew the Spanish conquistadors and began to rebuild their communities. 1. the suspected pathogenic organism should be present in all cases of the disease and absent form healthy animals. 3. • Reservoir: a permanent place for an infectious agent to reside. Describe three ways microbes can cause tissue damage. This book explains the strategic economic position of Hong Kong in relation to imperial global commerce. Draw and label a curve representing the course of a clinical infection. The outcome of these colonies was never intended, culture development. The effects of colonization were reflected in different groups of people. Southerners believed that it was dangerous and ill-advised for free blacks to remain in the slave states. 4. Colonization definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. True/False: Your gut biota can determine your mood and mental health. Unit 2 Bell Ringers & Exit Tickets. Start studying Colonialism. From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. The ________ rate is the number of persons afflicted with infectious disease. STI's, malaria, bubonic plague, Rickettsiae caused typhus, Chagas disease. 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