This process is an essential part of the construction of any structure, as it strengthens the soil. Factors Affecting Soil Formation. It is one of the most important factors Affecting Formation of Soil. The decomposition rates of OM and crop residue depend primarily on chemical composition and on factors that affect the soil environment. It influences the structure and texture of soil and thereby activity of the microorganisms. Soil microbiology is the study of microorganisms in soil, their functions, and how they affect soil properties.It is believed that between two and four billion years ago, the first ancient bacteria and microorganisms came about on Earth's oceans. The soil microbial biomass constitutes about 2-4%of the soil organic matter of soil. Kilbertus G. The changes in the soil microflora as a result of introducing various organic substances (gelatin, chitin, cellulose and beech sawdust) into the soil were studied. Compaction of the soil is the process where the dry density of soil is increased by reducing air content or air voids present in the soil. When the water in the soil freezes, it expands and opens up soil particles creating air spaces. Most studies in soil microbiology have been concerned with either specific groups of the soil microflora or specific activities such as nitrifi- cation, organic matter transformations, or repression of plant pathogens. The work was supplemented by electron-microscopic observations. The most important factors which affect / influence the microbial flora of the rhizosphere or rhizosphere effect are: soil type & its moisture, soil amendments, soil PH, proximity of root with soil… Factors affecting Compaction of soil. These airspaces remain even after the water thaws allowing more oxygen and soil organism activities. Factors Controlling Residue Decomposition and Soil Quality. Water Movement. Water movement in the soil can influence the soil structure. Parent material: It refers to the mineral material or organic material from which the soil is formed. Many factors influence the degree with which the soil is compacted. These components affect the amount of vegetation and forest cover as well as human/animal activity in … Climatic components like temperature and rainfall / precipitation are the major contributing factors influencing the effect of climate. Soil Organic Matter The organic matter in soil being the chief source of energy and food for most of the soil organisms, it has great influence on the microbial population. Soils form from the interplay of five main factors namely Parent Material, Time, Climate, Relief, and Organisms. One of the factors affecting soil structure is water movement. To begin defining the key determinants that drive microbial community structure in soil, we examined 29 soil samples from four geographically distinct locations taken from the surface, vadose zone, and saturated subsurface using a small-subunit rRNA-based cloning approach. Factors affecting microbial flora of the Rhizosphere / Rhizosphere Effect. 6. Soil microorganisms play a major role in the synthesis and degradation of crop residues into SOM. Influence of external factors on the composition of the soil microflora. These bacteria could fix nitrogen, in time multiplied, and as a result released oxygen into the atmosphere. factors that influence the activity of the microbial population in soil. Factors affecting the colonisation of a root system by fluorescent Pseudomonads: The effects of water, temperature and soil microflora K. G. 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