For the sake of clarity it is important that we define the terminology that is used in discussing this issue. Hinduism is a decidedly theistic religion; the difficulty lies in determining whether it is a polytheistic, pantheistic, or perhaps even monotheistic religion. Click again to see term 👆. The religion, which began in the 1930s, was started in Jamaica, and is associated with dreadlocks, marijuana smoking, and chanting. So far as we can tell from the Bible and from archaeological evidence, most Israelites were de facto monotheistic ever since the time of Moses. The problem in understanding religions in antiquity is not that they did not believe in things or that they lacked faith in the gods and goddesses. Although Moses tells the Israelites in 4:32-35 and 39 that the events of the Exodus and Mount Sinai show that there are no gods but the Lord, that passage is the first in the Torah to make this point (see also 7:9). Judaism is the oldest monotheistic religion dating back to 2000 B.C.E. That these incidents were regarded as having such disastrous consequences for Israel is probably not due to their prevalence but to the gravity of the sin and to the biblical doctrine of collective responsibility, which holds the entire nation responsible for the sins of even a small number of its members. The Jews claimed that there is only one true God who created everything. Abraham worshipped and sacrificed to God in Salem (Jerusalem, Genesis 14:18; 22:2; 2 Chronicles 3:1). He preached love and tolerance to the people. Copyright © 2002-2020 My Jewish Learning. The idea of one being three and three being one is far removed from a monotheistic vision of a deity. What was the mission and role of the Judges?​, Will there be solution to settle the indifferences of global religions? The Son is God who proceeds from the Father and became man for our salvation. Furthermore, the number of people who worshiped statues and supernatural beings does not appear to have been large. In premarital sex and expression of Love. Similar to Islam and Christianity, Judaism is a monotheistic religious tradition, which asserts the belief that there is only one God. It is sometimes contrasted with monolatry, namely “the worship of but one god when other gods are recognized as existing” (Random House Dictionary). The Main Monotheistic Religions . I suppose absolute monotheism might require the absence of angels, but at least Judaism does not have a Trinity, an autonomous, evil Satan, nor demons or jinn. Pronunced: TORE-uh, Origin: Hebrew, the Five Books of Moses. Judaism is an "ethical monotheistic" religion, meaning that its conception of what counts as moral and ethical behavior is derived from a single deity. Judaism is a monotheistic religion, which means that Jews believe there is only one God. All Rights Reserved. Judaism is, as Paul suggests, a religion of the flesh. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are major faiths that are examples of monotheism, or belief in one supreme god. Archaeological evidence of polytheism is also scant: few, if any, representations of male deities have ever been found in clearly Israelite contexts, and most of the figurines of females found at Israelite sites represent humans, not goddesses. Add your answer and earn points. Scholars debate whether the Israelites recognized only one God or worshipped only one God. So far as our evidence goes, therefore, ever since the time of Moses most Israelites seem to have regarded only YHVH as an independently effective divine power, and that belief is most simply explained as due to the teachings of Moses himself. Jews believe that God appointed the Jews to be his chosen people in order to set … Many critical scholars think that the interval between the Exodus and the proclamation of monotheism was much longer. It should be noted at the outset, however, that this is chiefly a western difficulty: the Indian mind is much more inclined to regard divergent views as complementary rather than competing. Some Israelites also worshiped supernatural beings and phenomena that were part of the Lord’s heavenly retinue, apparently in the belief that God himself required people to honor His subordinates. Abraham is traditionally considered to be the first “Jew” and to have made a covenant with God (Genesis 17). (Exodus 20:3). The doctrine of monotheism is thought by these scholars to have originated long after Moses, perhaps as late as the seventh century B.C.E. Unlike their polytheistic neighbors, the Jewish patriarchs (“leaders”) and prophets (“inspired” teachers) committed themselves to one almighty God. On this verse, the Jews lay great stress and it is one of the four passages which they write on their phylacteries and they write the last letter in the first and last words very large for the purpose of exciting attention to the weighty truth it contains. It is true that the Hebrew appellation for their deity, אֱלֹהִים (Elohim), is a masculine plural form of the word we know as the Arabic name for the Muslim god, ألله (Allah). The first Hebrews were nomads who settled in the land of Canaan near Egypt. Five books of story, law, and poetry divided into 54 weekly portions. This would be the reason they reject the idea of Christians about the Trinity or the belief in One God but three in person. They stressed utter obedience to Yahweh in the form of a strict moral code, or law. Followers of Judaism believe in one God who revealed himself through ancient prophets. Since many critical scholars believe that the laws banning the worship of other gods really do go back to Moses, but that the denial of the existence of other gods does not, they conclude that Moses only taught monolatry, not monotheism. Originally a sect of Judaism, Christianity’s monotheism is different, i.e., God the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit define separate divine persona. 2 MONOTHEISM. Explain that judaism is truly a monotheistic religion. 6:4). Hinduism is a religion that defies definite classification, and in practice, it has both monotheistic and polytheistic components. So, obviously, Judaism must be a religion… Zoroastrianism is monotheistic, but at the same time it can also be interpreted as a ditheistic religion since Ahura Mazda has an equal evil counterpart, Angra Mainyu. He was actually a “Hebrew” (a descendant of Eber, Genesis 11:15-27; Genesis 14:13). The author presents both views, but seems to agree with the former. defend your answer​, when you eat do you think of your food as a gift from god?​, jesus also taught the golden rule at the latter part of his of his sermon. Israelite inscriptions with religious content rarely mention other gods, and of Israelite personal names that refer to a deity, only six percent refer to deities other than YHVH; the other ninety-four percent mention YHVH. Judaism Judaism dates from about 1200 B.C. Judaism was the first monotheistic religion that continued to exist and impact world history. There were some claims, for example in the 1st 2 chapters of Moses and Monotheism by Freud, that early Judaism was basically a spin-off of Akhenaten's religion. The experiences of Iraqi Jews, Syrian Jews, Yemenite Jews, Hasidic Jews, and other populations are very different from one another. These groups are all Jewish but they lack commonalities in dress, food, and 2,000 years of language and history. To rationally and holistically explain the commonalities and differences of the three monotheistic Abrahamic religion about their views on women’s. The book of Exodus frequently points out the lessons that were taught immediately by the events of the Exodus and Sinai, such as the fact that the Lord is incomparable and reliable and that Moses is an authentic prophet; nowhere does it say that the Lord is the only God. Sign up for a night of Jewish entertainment on Dec. 24. when it was emphasized by Deuteronomy and the prophets. However, Jews never utter that name, considering it the unpronounceable name of God. Judaism is the original Abrahamic faith. Most of the idolatry reported in Kings was sponsored by the kings themselves, often for political reasons connected with foreign policy; few of these reports indicate that large numbers of common people were involved. 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