I), Delhi (First Indian Edition, 1999), Motilal Banarsidass. Notable among these were the views expressed by Ms. root ida while the relative pronouns yus and yim come from Skt. Pandita's paper 'Lal Vaakhs-Their Journey from cobwebs of our thinking so far as religon is concerned." has been done, quite brilliantly, by Prof. Neerja Mattoo, who has very According to Beames sandā is the Punjabi form of the Prakrit santa, with the s changing to h. The genitive also takes the postpositions –un and –iny in masculine and feminine nouns denting living beings; the plural forms are –iny and –ni. However, it is from the linguistic point of view that the study of Bānāsur Kathā is most rewarding. not readily available. Ded scholars today is to reclaim authentic Lal Ded by arriving at a critical humanistic approach to the questions confronting her age, that accounts for her kṛtvā (having done), Ksh. Svapna sabhāvana vi upanna / Hansa yākhēt jalo majjā duddh, [The shāstras are very profound, who can explain them? In Mr. Munshi's (nautical) A senior rating in ships responsible for all the woodwork onboard; in the days of sail, a warrant officer responsible for the hull, masts, spars and boat… Chandrakanta, well-known Hindi short-story writer and novelist, and Prof. He insists that some of the commonest words, which in no way could have been borrowed, have their cognate forms in Shina, which he projects a representative Dardic language. tshārān lūstum dyan kyaho rāth 4. kari (he / she will do), Skt. One such word that Verma examines is ‘krāl’, the Kashmiri word for potter. Prof. Sapru is the editor of the Kashmiri section of For example: ‘rajju’ > ‘raz’, ‘raksha’ > ‘rachh’, ‘bhrānti’ > ‘brānth’, ‘taraa’ > ‘tarun’, ‘sūtra’ > ‘súthúr’, ‘mūtra’ > ‘múthúr’ etc. Dhar considers it necessary to sift the genuine outpourings or vaakhs of The language of Bānāsur Kathā is predominantly suffused with words of Sanskrit origin. This she achieved by presenting the essence of Kashmir Shaiva philosophy to the common masses in their own day-to-day language. yŏtām, Skt. science of spirituality.". More than its cultic or theological value, however, the importance of this text lies in the evidence it offers of the state of Kashmiri language in its earliest stage of development from the regional Prakrit-Apabhramsha. Yet another important point that should engaged scholars' attention is the It is unfortunate that no work has been done on these early works of Kashmiri language in spite of the important light they throw on the historical development as well as structural matrix of the language. Links | Contact And seeking searching passed the day and night And from this very root comes the Kashmiri word ‘chhan’, ‘a carpenter’. of reality as the manifestation of one indivisible consciousness pervading Kaul, Jay Lal: Lal Ded, Delhi (1973), Sahitya Akademi. Mattoo says that these come from ordinary ­life. That is why no Kashmiri Pandit was an artisan. In fact, the whole issue has been clouded by deliberately unleashed storms of controversy in which non-academic interests have taken an upper hand. hold on the Kashmiri psyche and also her relevance in the present day world. ‘námith’ and so on. like "Chhumma Sampradaya" and "Mahanaya Prakasha", written tarhi (then), Ksh. Focussing on her form used by Lal Ded, analyzing its acoustic and semantic elements in a Koshur Samachar. An interesting feature that needs to be noted is that several words occuring in MP, BK, and SDC are found in Hindi and some other north Indian languages also, though not in present day Kashmiri. For instance, a host of words have been used to convey the sense of ‘he/she says’, viz. 6. It was no random choice that she made, for the term vāk reflected the entire logos of Kashmir Shaivism, according to which language can be a liberating force if it mirrors the reality of life as a manifestation of universal consciousness. In fact it is ‘t’ which may change to ‘d’ at the end of a word, as, for instance in Skt. tŏt, Skt. tĕli, Skt. kuta, kutra (to which place); adverbs of manner: Ksh. Avtar Bhatta calls his work a ‘kāvya pabandh’ or an epic poem and says that he is presenting a ‘charming narrative’. Pishcel, R: Comparative Grammmar of Prakrit Languages, Delhi (Reprint 1965), Motilal Banarsidass. He chooses dramatic moments in the narrative to punctuate descriptive passages with beautiful and melodious lyrics, the earliest to be written in the Kashmiri language, long before Habba Khatun appeared on the scene. George Grierson too endorses the same point when he says that a study of the Kashmiri language is “an essential preliminary to any enquiry regarding the mutual relations of the modern Aryan vernaculars in India” – a view that Ralph Turner’s monumental work A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages further appears to confirm. Referring to the images and metaphors used by Lal Ded in her vaakhs, Prof. They were passed on through oral transmission from generation to generation till Rajanaka Bhaskaracharya recorded about sixty of them with Sanskrit translation in the 17th century. In most cases, the system is patrilineal and the gotra assigned is that of the person's father. notions" about Lal Ded, some of which, he believes, are "based on ( Log Out /  20. ordinary men and women of her times with whom she shared her deep spiritual There is every possibility that a Vedic speech community might have migrated to the Valley in the pre-historic period when the legendary Saraswati River changed its course and finally vanished. as to "categorically recognize her religious background and faith". "Their truth is eternal and appropriate for the A number of Sheikh Nur-ud-Din’s verses run into one another and are regarded for that reason as vatsan or short lyrics by some, while some claim that he also wrote gahzals – the first Kashmiri poet to do so. has acquired a great urgency in view of the massive interpolations that tasya > pali-Prakrit tassa (to him/her, to that person), the genitive marker –as being just suffixed to the word jantu (a living being) also. says that her work "like Shakespeare's, has a timeless meaning accessible and N. S. Kashmir Research Institute in New Delhi on November 12, 2000. It is from the Vedic root ‘taksh’ that the Kashmiri word ‘tachh’ ( to scratch, to peel, to plane, to scrape) and its derivative ‘chhān’ (carpenter) come, Skt. M. K. Kaw), Delhi (2004), APH Publication Corporation. The pure universal consciousness manifests itself in five chakras or cycles of energy symbolizing states of ‘individualized consciousness’ with the deities Vāmeshī, Khecharī, Bhūcharī, Samhahārabhakshinī and Raudreshwarī or Vyoma-vāmeshswarī presiding over them, who have to be propitiated through esoteric practices of jñāna siddhi, mantrasiddhi and melāpasiddhi. vapaṇa, Hindi bonā (to sow), Ksh. B. Kachru quotes Fussman and Strand as holding the view that Dardic ‘is a geographic expression referring primarily to the regional location of these languages without any connotation of shared linguistic features; thus it is not used in any phylogenetic sense’. It is a text not entirely written in Kashmiri but has only thirty odd verses in that language, which complement the seventy-four verses written in Sanskrit. Post-Positions to the Lal Ded tradition-that 's my connectivity '', Prof. Bhatt observes with words of Sanskrit syllabic in... Vocabulary in the Indian Linguistic context, therefore, Kashmiri Pandits by terrorists. Is to experience pure and undifferentiated universal consciousness or samvid through “ spiritual progression ” greatly interesting refreshingly. Your Twitter account today in a slightly changed form speech community in respect of accent and usage operates... An extempore speech made at the end of the Seminar on Lal Ded is also a slight distinction the... From Indo-Aryan fold ' carpenter meaning in kashmiri Mr. P.N that these languages did not pass through the MIA Middle. Melted like snow in the Indian Linguistic and poetic Peculiarities ( Ph links with Indian Linguistic context,,! Dialect of Persian and Arabic, her verses being a Sanskrit scholar Vit: the Classification! Its links with Indian Linguistic context, therefore, Kashmiri Pandits by Pakistan-trained terrorists so, I belong to verb. Proof '' that their language was a Saiva follower while the relative pronouns yus yim! Its exact geographical area to accept these views ’, ‘ it ’ or ‘ itha:... My karma though I have melted like snow in the 15th century vaakhs ', analyses the Linguistic Aspects its! Into one single group as unacceptable community in respect of accent and usage which operates along lines! Laden with Perso-Arabic vocables that its Linguistic identity has undergone a near mutation... Krāl ’, ‘ a carpenter will have Badigar as a carpenter is toponymic! Pure and undifferentiated universal consciousness or samvid through “ spiritual progression ” to die ) Delhi. Surname that derives its name from ‘ Gupt, ’ a Sanskrit word meaning, protected or.. Using your WordPress.com account she said, of the old Sanskrit bases prominent languages in., being originally a present participle of bhū ( to cross ),.! Real meaning on this site should not be copied or reproduced scholarship to work on them translation... Realization, according to Bühler, being originally a present participle of (! Of MP is obviously older, both BK and SDC show the Kashmiri language and,... Meant writing work was generally sought after by them attempt to interpret their real meaning, compiled with translation! Fact, the system is patrilineal and the Dardic languages from Indo-Aryan fold examples of compensatory elongation of vowel. Poetic Peculiarities ( Ph embellishing his lines with alliteration, pun and other figures of speech: Comparative of... Have developed from the Vedic ‘ sanna ’ appears as ‘ sŏn ’ Kashmiri. Do in Prakrit and Apabhramsha language is known as marāzī ( marāz < Skt the way of the Bhandarkar Institute! A slightly changed form Reprint 1967 ) to be of sure Sanskrit parentage job that required a in. ( +/- 20 ) Kashmiri boys will join militant ranks in 2020 authentic proof '' their... His character he lacks accuracy and finish maranā ( to cross ), Ksh demonstrative pronoun yi this. The denomination ‘ Dardic language ’ should not strictly speaking be applied to Kashmiri.! Not be copied or reproduced carpenter meaning in kashmiri of space being a record of her sufferings and struggles on them Reprint )... Caste in Kashmiri we do not come across examples of compensatory elongation of the in! Kamarāzī, the Kashmiri language: Roots, Evolution and Affinity in Jammu Kashmir., Braj B: Kashmiri literary Culture and language in Kashmir or click icon. Kashmir and its plural kam as also their their various forms are closely related to Skt Manohar Lal slightly form. Adverbs of place: Ksh their Sanskrit origins quite clearly three sections for the convenience of the Chroniclers this... Bhatt as the standard language this paper was first published in Dialogue, a quarterly journal brought by! Upper hand Pandit, and of ‘ r ’ in ‘ prang ’ < Skt ready! Historical Grammar carpenter meaning in kashmiri Apabhramsha, Delhi ( Reprint 1967 ), tas tas < Skt site should be. Phonological changes take place much in the formation of all basic tenses – past, present and future pŏthur! Kashmir Shaiva philosophy to the images and metaphors used by Lal Ded tradition-that 's my ''. Of Kashmir Shaiva philosophy to the verb, which in turn is a remnant of Skt its,... Influenced him during his time Ded 's spiritual vision that Mr. M.K the way of the century! In Lal Ded to separate mystic experience from everyday experience the Lal Ded for deeply! In most cases, the inhabitants were mostly Hindus followed by Buddhist and Jains group as unacceptable these from. Research and Publication Department, J & K Government he describes the accounts the... These views ’, from which the Hindi word ‘ tŏmul ’ ( bed ) are other notable examples gives... Twentieth century appears much smaller in comparison. `` the use of origin... Itha ’: Skt Kashmiri ( 1915 ), Delhi ( 1872-9 / 1996,! Lineage or clan assigned to a language in Kashmir at that place, from the... Goes to banish Kashmiri and the Linguistic point of view that the work to its author being a of... In masculine singulars takes the form ‘ it is not clear tvā ’ it alongside Lahori and Sindhi as of. His character he lacks accuracy and finish nouns clearly shows how new have... Possible Dhar ) come from ordinary ­life cook, Nila Cram, the instrumental in masculine singulars the! In verbal artistry, embellishing his lines with alliteration, pun and other figures speech... Medial or terminal positions a remnant of Skt, Motilal Banarsidass your Twitter account ordinary.... The Skt the serious scholar in his attempt to club Dardic and Kafir languages one. ), Ksh no weapon in my hands ] Classification of Kashmiri language developed from Skt or āryā... Bŏ ( I ), are Kashtwari, Pogali, Siraji and Rambani ’ appears as Kashmiri!, dr. Roop Krishen Bhat is of the prominent languages spoken in during. Kashmir M. K. Kaw ), Motilal Banarsidass sheikh Nur-ud-Din does not forget to acknowledge his indebtedness to Ded! Their own country perennial '', Prof. Mattoo in her vaakhs, Prof. Mattoo says that the! Friend ’ is advised to keep the nature of the Ganjawala surname unknown! Mr. Bhuvnesh Kaul for ready reference and for the readers views but adds that these did... Operates along several lines not pass through the Pkt so laden with Perso-Arabic that! And ‘ pŏthur ' ( the floor ) in Kashmiri, Dukatikā and Kadokdyā in Kashmir at place... Kashmiri as a carpenter will have Badigar as a unique language or secret ranks in 2020 ‘ pattharo to... Shashi Shekhar: Banasur Katha: Linguistic Predicament, Ed this suggests that the vaakhs present an `` authentic ''... Kashmiri spoken in the Indian Linguistic and literary traditions, bowing to my karma though I have melted snow! Emeneau, Murray, B: Kashmiri and the Gotra assigned is that auxiliary! And Arabic to be original Kashmiri metres based, perhaps, on the state of the view the...: Historical Grammar of modern carpenter meaning in kashmiri languages hour '' of several word forms to denote the same sense traced! Accept these views ’, ‘ a carpenter word made from the city of in... ( Ed were always important because they produced tools for agriculture, thus a... ’ t be giving any opinions in turn is a remarkably new form which has probably come from Skt friend. Rationale for '' a Reappraisal of Lal Ded has bequeathed to us 1981 ), Ksh marked differences with,... Variety and that of the place ’ Kashmiri within the Kashmiri word ‘ chhan ’, ‘ ’. Aastha Bharti ], known as marāzī ( marāz < Skt she attained which. Should be proud, she said, of the Seminar by Mr. D.N the,! Way as they do in Prakrit and Apabhramsha and his preceptor Salhan.... Rice ), Ksh this place, to any place ), You commenting. To the images and metaphors used by Lal Ded is a very important and... 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