Firstly, there is an exudation of solution from the phloem when the stem is cut or punctured by the mouthparts of an aphid, a classical experiment demonstrating the translocation function of phloem, indicating that the phloem sap is under pressure. The pressure flow hypothesis of phloem transport provides a powerful tool to identify key control points of seed loading (see Figure 3). According to mass or passive flow hypothesis, two features are important for phloem transport of substances. Long distance transport in plants occurs in sieve tubes of the phloem. Photoassimilates and other solutes enter the source end of the sieve tube and attract water by osmosis. Munch postulated that solute movement occurred in the phloem along a turgor pressure gradient from source to sink. It was proposed by Ernst Munch, a German plant physiologist in 1930. E) Sugar transport does not require energy. According to the pressure flow hypothesis of phloem transport, V 03:59 Biology According to the pressure flow hypothesis of phloem transport, A) solute moves from a high concentration in the source to a lower concentration in the sink. Phloem sap is thought to play a role in sending informational signals throughout vascular plants. According to the pressure-flow hypothesis of phloem transport, _____. a. solute moves from a high concentration in the source to a lower concentration in the sink b. the pressure of the phloem of a root is normally greater than the pressure in the phloem of a leaf c. the formation of starch from sugar in the sink increases the osmotic concentration • The pressure–flow hypothesis states that solutes (such as dissolved sugars) move in phloem by means of a pressure gradient—that is, a difference in pressure • The pressure gradient exists between the source, where the sugar is loaded into phloem, and the sink, where the sugar is removed from phloem. Glucose is produced by photosynthesis in the mesophyll cells of the green leaves, some of which is converted into nonreducing sugar, i.e., sucrose. An active removal of … Water moves from the xylem vessels into the adjacent phloem, thereby increasing the hydrostatic pressure in the phloem. According to the pressure flow hypothesis of phloem transport, solute moves from a high concentration in the "source" to a lower concentration in the "sink." Water moves from the xylem vessels into the adjacent phloem, thereby increasing the hydrostatic pressure in the phloem. Ans:- According to the pressure flow hypothesis, food is prepared in the plant leaves in the form of glucose. The flow is generated by osmosis. According to Annual Review of Plant Biology, a) concentration gradient. Mass flow hypothesis? Osmotic pressure is maintained low at the sink. The evolutionary journey of plants onto land involved the differentiation of the plant body into decentralized organs, such as leaves, roots, stem, and branches. The hypothesis describes import rate (Rf) of a nutrient as: (1) R f = L p (P source − P sink) A C 8. [citation needed] The pressure flow hypothesis proposes a mechanism for phloem sap transport, [citation needed] although other hypotheses have been proposed. The primary sources are mature leaves. These are: I. Now that we've covered sinks and sources, let's look at the pressure flow hypothesis. PHLOEM PRESSURE AND THE MÜNCH HYPOTHESIS: THEORY According to Münch (1927), long-distance transport is driven by osmotically generated hydrostatic pressure (phloem pressure). The pressure-flow hypothesis visualizes a steady, unidirectional flow of sugar solution through living sieve elements. According to the pressure-flow hypothesis of phloem transport, _____. At the regions of lower pressure, sink cells remove the sucrose by active transport. Which one of the following statements about transport of nutrients in phloem is false? It involves continuous entry of sugar molecules at the source and exit at the sink by active transport, together with the entry of water by osmosis into the source and exit out of the sink. In angiosperms, increasing evidence shows the pressure-flow hypothesis, formulated by Ernst Münch in 1930 [1 ••], to adequately explain the mechanism of phloem transport [].However, its applicability to gymnosperms is more debated than ever. Companion cells control the rate and direction of movement of phloem sap. Which is the most abundant solute in phloem sap? kvargli6h and 50 others learned from this answer "The movement of water into a nutrient-rich region of the phloem decreases the pressure in that region" is the statement that is not true according to the pressure-flow hypothesis. The transfer of sugar from leaf mesophyll to sieve elements of phloem is called osmosis phloem loading phloem unloading sink loading 10. According to Pressure flow hypothesis, the major force responsible for mass transfer of solute from source to sink is diffusion Name the form of carbohydrates which is transported in plants as food. According to the pressure flow hypothesis, food is prepared in the plant leaves in the form of glucose. The relevant points of pressure-flow mechanism are as follows: 1. According to the pressure flow hypothesis, food is prepared in the plant leaves in the form of glucose. B) water is actively transported into the "source" region of the phloem to create the turgor pressure needed. Water moves from the xylem vessels into the adjacent phloem, thereby increasing the hydrostatic pressure in the phloem. At present, it is generally agreed that P protein agglomerations are preparation artifacts due to injury, the lumen of sieve tubes is free of obstructions, and phloem flow is driven by an osmotically generated pressure differential according to Münch's classical hypothesis. Answers: 1. b) phloem translocation. There are different evidences that support the hypothesis. Name the process by which sucrose is moved to companion cells and sieve tube cells of the phloem according to the pressure flow hypothesis. According to the pressure-flow hypothesis, food is prepared in the plant leaves in the form of glucose. Before moving into the source cells present in the phloem, the prepared food is converted into sucrose. What are the components of phloem sap? According to Mass flow hypothesis, mass flow of solute from source to sink is due to . As the sink cells pull the solute out of the phloem, water leaves the phloem by osmosis, passing to neighboring tissues that have higher solute concentrations. Water moves from the xylem vessels into the adjacent phloem, thereby increasing the hydrostatic pressure in the phloem. 29) According to the pressure-flow hypothesis of phloem transport, A) solute moves from a high concentration in the "source" to a lower concentration in the "sink." So, according to Munch’s hypothesis the flow through the sieve tubes is passive, although there is evidence of involvement of metabolism in bulk flow. 10. The Pressure Flow Hypothesis, also known as the Mass Flow Hypothesis, is the best-supported theory to explain the movement of sap through the phloem. e. solute moves from a high concentration in the "source" to a lower concentration in the "sink." b) turgor pressure gradient. Before moving into the source cells present in the phloem, the prepared food is converted into sucrose. Thank you :))) 10 points ^_^ ... MCQ munch hypothesis, MCQ phloem transport answers, mcqbiology, Multiple choice plant transport, Source sink concept. Before moving into the source cells present in the phloem, the prepared food is converted into sucrose. Secondly, concentration gradients of organic solutes are proved to be present between the sink and the source. c. the pressure in the phloem of a root is normally greater than the pressure in the phloem of a leaf. 2. See Section 35.4 (Page 739) . After sugars are produced in photosynthesis, these sugars must be transported to other parts of the plant for use in the plant's metabolism.Part of the pressure-flow theory is that the sucrose produced is moved by active transport into the companion cells of the phloem in leaf veins. So far, this widely accepted Münch theory has … The correct option among all the options that are given in the question is the fourth option or the last option. Pressure Flow Hypothesis. At the sink again active transport is required to move the sugar out of the phloem SAP into the cell where the sugar is used to release energy by the process of respiration. Over 80 years ago, Ernest Münch (1930) proposed the now widely accepted mechanism for phl… d. water is actively transported into the "source" region of the phloem to create the turgor pressure needed. According to pressure flow mechanism water containing sugar in solution flows under pressure through the phloem. Besides water, sugars are one of the most important components involved in this transport. Water and sucrose flow up the stem. c) osmosis. Thirdly, when viruses or growth chemicals are applied to a well-illuminated (actively photosynth… According to the pressure-flow hypothesis of phloem transport, _____ asked Aug 24, 2015 in Biology & Microbiology by Beenx A) solute moves from a high concentration in the source to a lower concentration in the sink solute moves from a high concentration in the source to a lower concentration in the sink Which one of the following statements about transport of nutrients in phloem is correct? (leaves) II. A plant cell with a Ψs of -0.65 MPa maintains a constant volume when bathed in a solution that has a Ψs of … Pressure-Flow Theory for Nutrient Transfer. Ü View Available Hint(s) Water and sucrose flow down the stem. Name the vascular tissue which transports sucrose in plants. It is the aim of this paper to construct a mathematical model based on the Münch pressure–flow hypothesis that can reproduce these qualitative observations of phloem transport. Osmotic pressure rises and phloem SAP moves from an area of higher osmotic pressure to the area of low pressure. sucrose glucose starch amylose 9. Before moving into the source cells present in the phloem, the prepared food is converted into sucrose. These organs are interconnected at the whole-plant level by long-distance transport. Photoassimilates and other solutes enter the source end of the sieve tube and attract water by osmosis. phloem pressure and the mÜnch hypothesis: theory According to Münch (1927) , long-distance transport is driven by osmotically generated hydrostatic pressure (phloem pressure). As a result, the phloem sap moves towards areas of lower pressure, at the nearest sugar sink. d) osmosis and diffusion . This model of how phloem works is … 2/27/2018 MasteringBiology: Ch 35 HW 1/1 ' Ù Part A According to the pressure­flow hypothesis, which direction are sucrose and water flowing in the phloem when roots are sources and leaves are sinks? 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